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Labor Market Information - State of Connecticut Labor Situation
  Labor Situation - State of Connecticut Last Updated: September 18, 2014
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current Connecticut Labor Situation - August 2014 PDF

Connecticut Nonfarm Employment...see more Unemployment Rates...see more New UI Claims...see more Consumer Price Index...see more

Private sector employment gains continue despite nonfarm job loss; jobless rate steady.
WETHERSFIELD, September 18, 2014 - Nonfarm job estimates for August indicate that Connecticut broke its six-month string of monthly job gains, according to the preliminary results from the federal payroll survey from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). The state lost 3,600 jobs (-0.2%) in August with extensive losses in the local government subcomponent (-4,000, -2.6%). Since August 2013, the state has added 5,600 nonfarm jobs (0.3%). On the other hand, the core private sector, which makes up about 86% of Connecticut’s nonfarm employment, added positions (400, 0.03%) for the seventh month in a row. The private sector has now added 13,000 jobs (0.9%) over the year. July’s preliminary total nonfarm job gain of 2,400 was revised lower to a 1,000 job gain.

Connecticut’s unemployment rate was 6.6% in August 2014 (from the household survey). This is unchanged from the July 2014 figure of 6.6% and lower by one and two-tenths of a percentage point from the August 2013 unemployment rate of 7.8%. The unemployment rate has not been this low in the state since December 2008 when it was 6.7% (it was 6.4% in November 2008 and rising quickly at the time). The number of unemployed residents has declined by 22,033 (-15.1%) since August 2013. Connecticut’s labor force has now expanded by 13,593 (0.7%) participants over the year.

“Despite the overall nonfarm job decline last month, Connecticut’s private sector continued to add jobs,” said Andy Condon, Director of the Office of Research. “This summer appeared to be the best economically since the recovery began in 2010. Some of the lull in overall employment growth may be due to an early sample week in August, as compared to when public school educators and support staff normally return to work for the new school year. This suggests we should return to form in local education next month.”

Nonfarm Jobs: August 2014 initial nonfarm employment estimates decreased 3,600 (-0.2%) positions to 1,665,300 jobs (seasonally adjusted). This is the first total nonfarm employment decline in seven months after six straight monthly nonfarm job gains coming out of the January 2014 deep freeze. The state’s nonfarm employment has increased 5,600 positions (0.3%) since August 2013. There were downward revisions to the July preliminary estimates of -1,400 positions as well, but this still resulted in a 1,000 monthly jobs increase for the state.

Recession Recovery: Connecticut has now recovered 71,400 positions, or 59.9% of the 119,100 seasonally adjusted total nonfarm jobs that were lost in the state during the March 2008 - February 2010 recession. Connecticut’s jobs recovery is now 54 months old and is averaging approximately 1,322 jobs per month overall since February 2010. The core private sector has brought back employment at a faster clip and has now recovered 83,900 (74.9%) of the 112,000 private sector jobs that were lost during the same recessionary downturn (1,554 per month pace). At 1,665,300 nonfarm jobs for August 2014, the state needs to reach the 1,713,000 level to start a true nonfarm employment expansion. This will require an additional 47,700 jobs going forward. A total of 28,100 additional private sector positions are needed to have a fully restored private sector. The government supersector, which also includes tribal casino employment, has continued to lose employment (-12,500 positions) since the overall recovery began in February 2010.

Labor Market Areas (LMAs): The August 2014 preliminary nonfarm estimates show two of the six major Connecticut Labor Market Areas (Bureau of Labor Statistics-recognized LMAs) increasing employment, while four LMAs listed job declines. The largest labor market in the state, the Hartford LMA (1,000, 0.2%), was also the biggest job gaining LMA in August. The Norwich-New London LMA (100, 0.1%) was the other gaining labor market last month. This is a good sign as this labor market is the only region experiencing over-the-year employment declines (-2,500, -2.0%). The New Haven LMA (-1,500, -0.5%) led the LMAs in regional job losses last month while the Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk LMA (-1,300, -0.3%), which is the fastest and largest growing labor market over the year (6,600, 1.6%), also experienced an August decline. Smaller job losses were posted from the Danbury LMA (-400, -0.6%) and the Waterbury LMA (-100, -0.2%). Note: The major Connecticut LMAs are estimated and seasonally adjusted independently from the statewide numbers by the BLS and cover about 90% of the nonfarm employment in the state, so they will not fully sum to the statewide total.

Hours and Earnings: The private sector workweek, not seasonally adjusted, averaged 33.8 hours in August 2014, higher by two-tenths of an hour from the year-ago estimate of 33.6 hours. Average hourly earnings at $27.94, not seasonally adjusted, were up 15 cents, or 0.11%, from the August 2013 hourly private sector pay figure of $27.79. The resulting average private sector weekly pay was calculated at $944.37, up $10.63, or 1.1% over the year. Current all-employee private sector wage estimates have turned positive over the year as of late. The year-to-year change in the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U, U.S. City Average, not seasonally adjusted) in August 2014 was 1.7%.

The private sector, in contrast, added 400 positions (0.03%) in August, for the seventh month in a row.  Since August 2013 the state has added 13,000 private sector jobs (0.9%).  The government supersector (-4,000, -1.7%) influenced mainly by local government job losses (-4,000, -2.6%), accounted for the entirety of the overall monthly nonfarm job loss this month. Over the year, the government supersector is much lower in employment (-7,400, -3.1%).  As a result, the private sector and public government sector job growth divergence in Connecticut’s job recovery persists.

Five major industry supersectors posted job gains while five supersectors experienced job losses in August. The five job gainers in August were led by the manufacturing supersector (1,400, 0.9%), with the sub-component durable manufacturing (1,300, 1.0%) providing the bulk of the increase.  The nondurable manufacturing (100, 0.3%) portion contributed to gains, while the construction and mining (1,000, 1.8%) supersector also showed a solid increase for the third month in a row.  The trade, transportation & utilities (800, 0.3%) supersector added jobs in August, with the retail trade (1,000, 0.6%) segment providing all of the increase during this back-to-school shopping month.  The other services (800, 1.3%) supersector was also positive for the month.  The financial activities (100, 0.1%) supersector was just slightly higher as finance and insurance was unchanged, but real estate (100, 0.5%) added a small gain.

The five declining supersectors were led lower again this month by government (-4,000, -1.7%).  State (-200, -0.3%) and Federal (200, 1.2%) government segments had offsetting movement while local government, which includes Indian casinos, posted a large decline (-4,000, -2.6%).  The professional and business services supersector (-1,500, -0.7%) also was lower in August. Education and health services dropped as well (-1,100, -0.3%) with health services (-1,400, -0.5%) accounting for all of the monthly weakness.  The leisure and hospitality (-1,000, -0.7%) supersector declined with restaurants revealing a pull back as summer’s end neared.  The information supersector (-100, -0.3%) was down with slight declines in telecommunications.

Labor Market Information - Connecticut, Employment Sectors & United States Nonfarm Employment
Year to Year Month to Month Previous Three Months
Aug 2014 Aug 2013 Change Rate % Aug 2014 Jul 2014 Change Rate % Jun 2014 May 2014 Apr 2014
Graph Follow link below for more charts & data State of Connecticut Employment
go to Connecticut nonfarm employment data table Connecticut Nonfarm Employment 1,665,300 1,659,700 5,600 0.3% 1,665,300 1,668,900 -3,600 -0.2% 1,667,900 1,665,700 1,659,700
go to Private Sector sector data table Private Sector 1,432,300 1,419,300 13,000 0.9% 1,432,300 1,431,900 400 0.0% 1,431,400 1,430,500 1,425,300
Graph Follow link below for more charts & data Goods Producing Industries
Mining 600 600 0 0.0% 600 600 0 0.0% 600 600 500
go to Construction sector data table Construction 57,000 54,000 3,000 5.6% 57,000 56,000 1,000 1.8% 55,700 55,400 56,400
go to Manufacturing sector data table Manufacturing 164,100 163,500 600 0.4% 164,100 162,700 1,400 0.9% 162,500 162,700 161,900
Graph Follow link below for more charts & data Service Providing Industries
go to Transportation and Public Utilities sector data table Transportation and Public Utilities 303,800 299,400 4,400 1.5% 303,800 303,000 800 0.3% 303,800 303,100 301,300
go to Information sector data table Information 31,400 32,100 -700 -2.2% 31,400 31,500 -100 -0.3% 31,800 31,700 31,500
go to Financial Activities sector data table Financial Activities 130,700 131,000 -300 -0.2% 130,700 130,600 100 0.1% 130,200 130,500 130,900
go to Professional and Business Services sector data table Professional and Business Services 205,600 207,000 -1,400 -0.7% 205,600 207,100 -1,500 -0.7% 207,200 206,200 203,900
go to Educational and Health Services sector data table Educational and Health Services 325,200 322,400 2,800 0.9% 325,200 326,300 -1,100 -0.3% 326,300 325,900 325,500
go to Leisure and Hospitality sector data table Leisure and Hospitality 150,400 147,300 3,100 2.1% 150,400 151,400 -1,000 -0.7% 151,400 152,100 151,400
go to Other Services sector data table Other Services 63,500 62,000 1,500 2.4% 63,500 62,700 800 1.3% 61,900 62,300 62,000
go to Government sector data table Government 233,000 240,400 -7,400 -3.1% 233,000 237,000 -4,000 -1.7% 236,500 235,200 234,400
Graph Follow link below for more charts & data United States Employment
go to United States nonfarm employment data table United States Nonfarm Employment 139,118,000 136,636,000 2,482,000 1.8% 139,118,000 138,976,000 142,000 0.1% 138,795,000 138,492,000 138,246,000
 Labor Force / Residents Employed / Residents Unemployed Top
Connecticut’s unemployment rate was calculated at 6.6% for August 2014 (seasonally adjusted). This is unchanged from July 2014, and down one and two-tenths of a percentage point from the August 2013 unemployment rate of 7.8%. The unemployment rate in Connecticut has not been this low since December of 2008 when it was 6.7%.
  2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Jan   1,863.4 1,770.9 92.5 1,888.5 1,755.8 132.8 1,904.8 1,731.3 173.6 1,917.4 1,738.5 178.8 1,895.3 1,740.4 154.9 1,873.3 1,723.8 149.4 1,852.2 1,719.3 132.9
Feb   1,864.4 1,771.6 92.8 1,891.4 1,752.1 139.4 1,909.5 1,734.2 175.3 1,917.1 1,740.2 176.8 1,893.6 1,740.3 153.3 1,870.5 1,722.7 147.7 1,857.9 1,727.7 130.2
Mar   1,865.4 1,771.7 93.7 1,894.6 1,749.2 145.3 1,913.4 1,737.1 176.3 1,915.6 1,740.8 174.8 1,892.6 1,739.2 153.3 1,868.1 1,721.6 146.5 1,864.8 1,734.3 130.5
Apr   1,866.9 1,771.2 95.7 1,897.4 1,747.2 150.2 1,915.9 1,739.2 176.7 1,912.6 1,739.6 173.0 1,891.3 1,736.5 154.8 1,866.3 1,720.5 145.8 1,868.6 1,740.1 128.5
May   1,869.1 1,770.4 98.7 1,899.5 1,745.4 154.2 1,917.0 1,739.9 177.1 1,908.9 1,736.9 172.0 1,889.7 1,732.6 157.1 1,864.5 1,718.6 145.9 1,877.6 1,747.9 129.7
Jun   1,872.0 1,769.6 102.4 1,900.6 1,743.4 157.3 1,917.1 1,739.5 177.6 1,905.6 1,734.1 171.4 1,888.0 1,728.8 159.2 1,862.3 1,716.0 146.3 1,878.5 1,753.0 125.5
Jul   1,875.1 1,769.2 106.0 1,900.6 1,740.9 159.6 1,916.8 1,738.3 178.6 1,903.4 1,732.6 170.8 1,886.4 1,726.0 160.3 1,859.7 1,713.3 146.4 1,872.1 1,749.3 122.8
Aug   1,878.2 1,769.0 109.2 1,899.6 1,738.1 161.5 1,916.8 1,737.1 179.7 1,902.3 1,732.9 169.4 1,884.8 1,724.9 159.9 1,856.8 1,711.3 145.5 1,870.4 1,747.0 123.5
Sep   1,880.8 1,768.6 112.3 1,898.5 1,735.0 163.4 1,916.8 1,736.2 180.7 1,901.7 1,734.7 167.1 1,883.3 1,725.0 158.3 1,853.7 1,710.1 143.5
Oct   1,882.9 1,767.0 115.8 1,897.8 1,732.1 165.7 1,917.1 1,735.8 181.3 1,901.1 1,737.0 164.1 1,881.6 1,725.5 156.0 1,850.6 1,709.5 141.1
Nov   1,884.6 1,764.2 120.4 1,898.4 1,730.1 168.3 1,917.3 1,736.0 181.3 1,899.7 1,738.9 160.8 1,879.2 1,725.6 153.6 1,847.9 1,709.2 138.7
Dec   1,886.4 1,760.2 126.2 1,900.7 1,729.7 171.1 1,917.3 1,736.9 180.4 1,897.5 1,739.9 157.6 1,876.3 1,724.9 151.4 1,845.8 1,709.4 136.4
 State of Connecticut Unemployment Rate vs. United States Unemployment Rate Top
Based on the household survey, the number of unemployed, seasonally adjusted, showed a small increase of 645 (0.5%) over the month to 123,464 in August 2014. This is up slightly from last month, when it was the lowest level in the state since the employment recovery began in February 2010. The state’s number of unemployed residents has decreased by 22,033 (-15.1%) since August 2013. The United States unemployment rate was 6.1% in August, down one-tenth of a percent from the July 2014 rate (6.2%), but lower by one and one-tenth of a percentage point from the August 2013 rate when it was estimated at 7.2%.

As always, the sample size underlying our labor force and unemployment data is very small and caution is advised in interpreting these trends.

  2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons
Jan  5.0 5.0 0.0 7.0 7.8 0.8 9.1 9.7 0.6 9.3 9.1 -0.2 8.2 8.2 0.0 8.0 7.9 -0.1 7.2 6.6 -0.6
Feb  5.0 4.9 -0.1 7.4 8.3 0.9 9.2 9.8 0.6 9.2 9.0 -0.2 8.1 8.3 0.2 7.9 7.7 -0.2 7.0 6.7 -0.3
Mar  5.0 5.1 0.1 7.7 8.7 1.0 9.2 9.9 0.7 9.1 9.0 -0.1 8.1 8.2 0.1 7.8 7.5 -0.3 7.0 6.7 -0.3
Apr  5.1 5.0 -0.1 7.9 9.0 1.1 9.2 9.9 0.7 9.0 9.1 0.1 8.2 8.2 0.0 7.8 7.5 -0.3 6.9 6.3 -0.6
May  5.3 5.4 0.1 8.1 9.4 1.3 9.2 9.6 0.4 9.0 9.0 0.0 8.3 8.2 -0.1 7.8 7.5 -0.3 6.9 6.3 -0.6
Jun  5.5 5.6 0.1 8.3 9.5 1.2 9.3 9.4 0.1 9.0 9.1 0.1 8.4 8.2 -0.2 7.9 7.5 -0.4 6.7 6.1 -0.6
Jul  5.7 5.8 0.1 8.4 9.5 1.1 9.3 9.5 0.2 9.0 9.0 0.0 8.5 8.2 -0.3 7.9 7.3 -0.6 6.6 6.2 -0.4
Aug  5.8 6.1 0.3 8.5 9.6 1.1 9.4 9.5 0.1 8.9 9.0 0.1 8.5 8.1 -0.4 7.8 7.2 -0.6 6.6 6.1 -0.5
Sep  6.0 6.1 0.1 8.6 9.8 1.2 9.4 9.5 0.1 8.8 9.0 0.2 8.4 7.8 -0.6 7.7 7.2 -0.5
Oct  6.2 6.5 0.3 8.7 10.0 1.3 9.5 9.5 0.0 8.6 8.8 0.2 8.3 7.8 -0.5 7.6 7.2 -0.4
Nov  6.4 6.8 0.4 8.9 9.9 1.0 9.5 9.8 0.3 8.5 8.6 0.1 8.2 7.8 -0.4 7.5 7.0 -0.5
Dec  6.7 7.3 0.6 9.0 9.9 0.9 9.4 9.4 0.0 8.3 8.5 0.2 8.1 7.9 -0.2 7.4 6.7 -0.7

The nonfarm employment estimate, derived from a survey of businesses, is a measure of jobs in the state; the unemployment rate, based on a household survey, is a measure of the work status of people who live in Connecticut. Overall, as the national and state economies recover, volatility in monthly numbers can be expected. Additionally, changes in methodology that culminated in March 2011 with the U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics assuming complete responsibility for estimating all states’ monthly nonfarm job counts, have contributed to the month-to-month variability in the numbers. Jobs estimates are best understood in the context of their movement over several months rather than observed changes in a single month’s estimate.

Next Connecticut Labor Situation release: Monday, October 20, 2014 (September 2014 data)
Go to the State of Connecticut website