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  Labor Situation - State of Connecticut Last Updated: November 20, 2014
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current Connecticut Labor Situation - August 2014 PDF

Connecticut Nonfarm Employment...see more Unemployment Rates...see more New UI Claims...see more Consumer Price Index...see more

October nonfarm jobs extend gains; unemployment rate unchanged.
WETHERSFIELD, November 20, 2014 - The Connecticut preliminary jobs estimate from the federal Bureau of Labor Statistics’s (BLS) monthly establishment survey indicate the state added 3,600 jobs (0.21%, seasonally adjusted) in October 2014. This is the eighth monthly nonfarm job gain in 2014 and the tenth of the last twelve since October 2013. The state’s nonfarm employment achieved another new recovery highpoint last month at 1,681,800 jobs and has now added 23,000 positions (1.39%) seasonally adjusted over the year.

Connecticut’s unemployment rate, calculated from the household survey (Current Population Survey), was 6.4% in October 2014. This is unchanged from the September 2014 estimate, but down by one and two-tenths of a percentage point from the October 2013 unemployment rate of 7.6%. The state’s unemployment rate has not been this low since November 2008. The number of unemployed in the state has fallen by 19,534 over the year to 121,575. In October, Connecticut’s labor force experienced its largest increase in 2014 (10,675, 0.6%, considered statistically significant) and has now increased by 35,651 (1.9%) participants over the year.

“Connecticut’s job market continues to steadily add jobs this year at the best pace since the recovery began and that growth seems to be drawing more people into the labor force,” said Andy Condon, Director of the Office of Research. “Retail trade was especially strong this month, possibly reflecting an earlier buildup for the holiday season, although the government sector is experiencing continued declines.”

Nonfarm Jobs: Connecticut preliminary nonfarm employment extended monthly job gains by adding 3,600 (0.21%) jobs in October to 1,681,800 (seasonally adjusted). October nonfarm job gains now total 23,000 (+1.39%) over the year. Connecticut has added 18,300 jobs (about 1,830 per month) through the first ten months of the year which is better than the 2013 pace of 13,700 through October on a seasonally adjusted basis. This is shaping up to be the best year of Connecticut’s employment recovery so far, even with the large loss of 10,900 that started off the year in January.

Recession Recovery: Connecticut has now recovered 87,900 positions, or 73.8% of the 119,100 seasonally adjusted total nonfarm jobs that were lost in the state during the March 2008 - February 2010 recessionary downturn.  Connecticut’s jobs recovery is now 56 months old and is averaging approximately 1,570 jobs per month overall since February 2010.  The private sector has restored employment at a quicker pace and has now recovered 97,600 (87.1%) of the 112,000 private sector jobs that were lost during the same period (1,743 per month pace).  At 1,681,800 overall nonfarm jobs for October 2014, the state needs to reach the 1,713,000 level to start an official nonfarm employment expansion.  This will require an additional 31,200 jobs.  A total of just 14,400 additional private sector positions are needed to have a fully recovered private sector.  The government supersector has continued to lose net jobs (-9,700) throughout the overall nonfarm employment recovery.

Labor Market Areas (LMAs): The October 2014 preliminary nonfarm job numbers show that four of the six major Connecticut Labor Market Areas (Bureau of Labor Statistics-recognized LMAs) had job gains.  Just one LMA posted a decline while the Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk LMA came in unchanged.  For the first time in quite a while, the Norwich-New London LMA (1,100, 0.87%) posted back-to-back monthly gains of a thousand or better, including the best gain of all LMAs this month (in magnitude).  The Waterbury LMA (600, 0.93%) put up the best showing in percentage terms for the month after being the only LMA to decline in September.  The New Haven LMA (700, 0.3%) and the Danbury LMA (300, 0.4%) also were positive last month.  The largest labor market in the state, the Hartford LMA (-600, -0.1%), was the only LMA to lose jobs in October 2014 after exhibiting the best LMA job gain in the prior month. The Norwich-New London LMA (100, 0.1%) has now turned slightly positive over the year.  This now makes all Connecticut BLS-recognized LMAs positive over the year.  Note: The major Connecticut LMAs are estimated and seasonally adjusted independently from the statewide numbers by the BLS and cover about 90% of the nonfarm employment in the state, so they will not fully sum to the statewide total.

Hours and Earnings: The private sector workweek, not seasonally adjusted, averaged 33.9 hours in October 2014, and is higher by two-tenths of an hour from the year-ago estimate of 33.7 hours.  Average hourly earnings at $28.33, not seasonally adjusted, were up 61 cents, or 2.2%, from the October 2013 hourly private sector pay figure of $27.72.  The resulting average private sector weekly pay was calculated at $960.39, up $26.23, or 2.8% over the year.  All employee private sector wage estimates have been out-pacing inflation recently.  The year-to-year change in the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U, U.S. City Average, not seasonally adjusted) in October 2014 was 1.7%.  Information for the manufacturing production workweek and earnings can be found in the table section of this release under the “Hours and Earnings” data category.

The private sector added 4,900 positions (0.3%) in October, representing the ninth consecutive monthly gain.  Over the year, Connecticut has now added 22,100 private sector jobs (1.6%, 2,210 monthly pace). 

The four industry supersector job gainers in October were led by the education and health services (+2,400, +0.7%).  The education (+1,100, +1.7%) and health (+1,300, +0.5%) components were both solid contributors.  The trade, transportation & utilities (TTU) (+1,500, +0.5%) supersector was also adding jobs last month.  Retail trade (+2,400, +1.3%) was the strongest segment, possibly indicating an earlier-than-normal holiday buildup.  TTU remains the fastest growing supersector over the year (+8,100, +2.7%).  Leisure and hospitality (+1,000, +0.7%) saw employment increasing again with continued activity coming from accommodation and food services (+700, +0.6%) which has been benefitting from the nice string of weather since spring and the recent gasoline price decline.  The professional, scientific, and technical (+700, +0.3%) supersector also was adding positions led by administrative services (+800, +0.9%) where temporary employment is tallied.                      

Government (-1,300, -0.6%) led the five supersectors that lost jobs in the state in October.  Federal (-100, -0.6%), state (-400, -0.6%) and local (-800, -0.5%) entities were all similarly lower percentagewise.  The financial activities supersector (-400, -0.3%) also lost positions last month, with the finance and insurance (-300, -0.3%) component and the real estate (-100, -0.5%) segment both lower.  Declines in the other three supersectors were small.  The manufacturing supersector (-100, -0.1%) was just slightly lower as was the combined construction and mining (-100, -0.2%) supersector and the information supersector (-100, -0.3%).  The other services supersector was unchanged in October.

Labor Market Information - Connecticut, Employment Sectors & United States Nonfarm Employment
Year to Year Month to Month Previous Three Months
Oct 2014 Oct 2013 Change Rate % Oct 2014 Sep 2014 Change Rate % Aug 2014 Jul 2014 Jun 2014
Graph Follow link below for more charts & data State of Connecticut Employment
go to Connecticut nonfarm employment data table Connecticut Nonfarm Employment 1,681,800 1,658,800 23,000 1.4% 1,681,800 1,678,200 3,600 0.2% 1,667,700 1,668,900 1,667,900
go to Private Sector sector data table Private Sector 1,446,000 1,423,900 22,100 1.6% 1,446,000 1,441,100 4,900 0.3% 1,432,000 1,431,900 1,431,400
Graph Follow link below for more charts & data Goods Producing Industries
Mining 600 600 0 0.0% 600 600 0 0.0% 600 600 600
go to Construction sector data table Construction 57,200 54,500 2,700 5.0% 57,200 57,300 -100 -0.2% 57,000 56,000 55,700
go to Manufacturing sector data table Manufacturing 163,300 163,400 -100 -0.1% 163,300 163,400 -100 -0.1% 163,900 162,700 162,500
Graph Follow link below for more charts & data Service Providing Industries
go to Transportation and Public Utilities sector data table Transportation and Public Utilities 308,300 300,200 8,100 2.7% 308,300 306,800 1,500 0.5% 304,200 303,000 303,800
go to Information sector data table Information 31,500 31,600 -100 -0.3% 31,500 31,600 -100 -0.3% 31,400 31,500 31,800
go to Financial Activities sector data table Financial Activities 129,500 131,300 -1,800 -1.4% 129,500 129,900 -400 -0.3% 130,700 130,600 130,200
go to Professional and Business Services sector data table Professional and Business Services 207,500 205,500 2,000 1.0% 207,500 206,800 700 0.3% 205,100 207,100 207,200
go to Educational and Health Services sector data table Educational and Health Services 331,100 324,700 6,400 2.0% 331,100 328,700 2,400 0.7% 325,000 326,300 326,300
go to Leisure and Hospitality sector data table Leisure and Hospitality 154,500 150,400 4,100 2.7% 154,500 153,500 1,000 0.7% 150,900 151,400 151,400
go to Other Services sector data table Other Services 62,500 61,700 800 1.3% 62,500 62,500 0 0.0% 63,200 62,700 61,900
go to Government sector data table Government 235,800 234,900 900 0.4% 235,800 237,100 -1,300 -0.5% 235,700 237,000 236,500
Graph Follow link below for more charts & data United States Employment
go to United States nonfarm employment data table United States Nonfarm Employment 139,680,000 137,037,000 2,643,000 1.9% 139,680,000 139,466,000 214,000 0.2% 139,187,000 138,976,000 138,795,000
 Labor Force / Residents Employed / Residents Unemployed Top

Connecticut’s unemployment rate was calculated at 6.4% for October 2014 (seasonally adjusted).  This is unchanged from September 2014, and down one and two-tenths of a percentage point from the October 2013 unemployment rate of 7.6%.  The unemployment rate in Connecticut has not been this low since November of 2008.

  2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Jan   1,863.4 1,770.9 92.5 1,888.5 1,755.8 132.8 1,904.8 1,731.3 173.6 1,917.4 1,738.5 178.8 1,895.3 1,740.4 154.9 1,873.3 1,723.8 149.4 1,852.2 1,719.3 132.9
Feb   1,864.4 1,771.6 92.8 1,891.4 1,752.1 139.4 1,909.5 1,734.2 175.3 1,917.1 1,740.2 176.8 1,893.6 1,740.3 153.3 1,870.5 1,722.7 147.7 1,857.9 1,727.7 130.2
Mar   1,865.4 1,771.7 93.7 1,894.6 1,749.2 145.3 1,913.4 1,737.1 176.3 1,915.6 1,740.8 174.8 1,892.6 1,739.2 153.3 1,868.1 1,721.6 146.5 1,864.8 1,734.3 130.5
Apr   1,866.9 1,771.2 95.7 1,897.4 1,747.2 150.2 1,915.9 1,739.2 176.7 1,912.6 1,739.6 173.0 1,891.3 1,736.5 154.8 1,866.3 1,720.5 145.8 1,868.6 1,740.1 128.5
May   1,869.1 1,770.4 98.7 1,899.5 1,745.4 154.2 1,917.0 1,739.9 177.1 1,908.9 1,736.9 172.0 1,889.7 1,732.6 157.1 1,864.5 1,718.6 145.9 1,877.6 1,747.9 129.7
Jun   1,872.0 1,769.6 102.4 1,900.6 1,743.4 157.3 1,917.1 1,739.5 177.6 1,905.6 1,734.1 171.4 1,888.0 1,728.8 159.2 1,862.3 1,716.0 146.3 1,878.5 1,753.0 125.5
Jul   1,875.1 1,769.2 106.0 1,900.6 1,740.9 159.6 1,916.8 1,738.3 178.6 1,903.4 1,732.6 170.8 1,886.4 1,726.0 160.3 1,859.7 1,713.3 146.4 1,872.1 1,749.3 122.8
Aug   1,878.2 1,769.0 109.2 1,899.6 1,738.1 161.5 1,916.8 1,737.1 179.7 1,902.3 1,732.9 169.4 1,884.8 1,724.9 159.9 1,856.8 1,711.3 145.5 1,870.4 1,747.0 123.4
Sep   1,880.8 1,768.6 112.3 1,898.5 1,735.0 163.4 1,916.8 1,736.2 180.7 1,901.7 1,734.7 167.1 1,883.3 1,725.0 158.3 1,853.7 1,710.1 143.5 1,875.6 1,755.8 119.8
Oct   1,882.9 1,767.0 115.8 1,897.8 1,732.1 165.7 1,917.1 1,735.8 181.3 1,901.1 1,737.0 164.1 1,881.6 1,725.5 156.0 1,850.6 1,709.5 141.1 1,886.3 1,764.7 121.6
Nov   1,884.6 1,764.2 120.4 1,898.4 1,730.1 168.3 1,917.3 1,736.0 181.3 1,899.7 1,738.9 160.8 1,879.2 1,725.6 153.6 1,847.9 1,709.2 138.7
Dec   1,886.4 1,760.2 126.2 1,900.7 1,729.7 171.1 1,917.3 1,736.9 180.4 1,897.5 1,739.9 157.6 1,876.3 1,724.9 151.4 1,845.8 1,709.4 136.4
 State of Connecticut Unemployment Rate vs. United States Unemployment Rate Top
Based on the household survey, the number of unemployed, seasonally adjusted, posted an increase of 1,771 (1.5%) over the month to 121,575 in October 2014.  The number of unemployed residents has decreased by 19,534 (-13.8%, considered statistically significant) since October 2013.  Connecticut’s unchanged unemployment rate last month came about with the largest labor force increase this year (+10,675, +0.6%, also considered statistically significant) which reflects more residents being drawn to the labor market looking for work.  Year-to-year labor force growth now measures +35,651 (+1.9%).  Connecticut’s civilian labor force has increased 8 of 10 months in 2014 after bottoming out in this recovery in December 2013 at 1,845,784.  The United States unemployment rate was 5.8% in October, down one-tenth of a percentage point from the September 2014 rate of 5.9%, and lower by one and one-four tenths of a percentage point from the October 2013 rate when it was estimated at 7.2%.

As always, the sample size underlying labor force and unemployment data is very small and caution is advised in interpreting these trends. 

  2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons
Jan  5.0 5.0 0.0 7.0 7.8 0.8 9.1 9.7 0.6 9.3 9.1 -0.2 8.2 8.2 0.0 8.0 7.9 -0.1 7.2 6.6 -0.6
Feb  5.0 4.9 -0.1 7.4 8.3 0.9 9.2 9.8 0.6 9.2 9.0 -0.2 8.1 8.3 0.2 7.9 7.7 -0.2 7.0 6.7 -0.3
Mar  5.0 5.1 0.1 7.7 8.7 1.0 9.2 9.9 0.7 9.1 9.0 -0.1 8.1 8.2 0.1 7.8 7.5 -0.3 7.0 6.7 -0.3
Apr  5.1 5.0 -0.1 7.9 9.0 1.1 9.2 9.9 0.7 9.0 9.1 0.1 8.2 8.2 0.0 7.8 7.5 -0.3 6.9 6.3 -0.6
May  5.3 5.4 0.1 8.1 9.4 1.3 9.2 9.6 0.4 9.0 9.0 0.0 8.3 8.2 -0.1 7.8 7.5 -0.3 6.9 6.3 -0.6
Jun  5.5 5.6 0.1 8.3 9.5 1.2 9.3 9.4 0.1 9.0 9.1 0.1 8.4 8.2 -0.2 7.9 7.5 -0.4 6.7 6.1 -0.6
Jul  5.7 5.8 0.1 8.4 9.5 1.1 9.3 9.5 0.2 9.0 9.0 0.0 8.5 8.2 -0.3 7.9 7.3 -0.6 6.6 6.2 -0.4
Aug  5.8 6.1 0.3 8.5 9.6 1.1 9.4 9.5 0.1 8.9 9.0 0.1 8.5 8.1 -0.4 7.8 7.2 -0.6 6.6 6.1 -0.5
Sep  6.0 6.1 0.1 8.6 9.8 1.2 9.4 9.5 0.1 8.8 9.0 0.2 8.4 7.8 -0.6 7.7 7.2 -0.5 6.4 5.9 -0.5
Oct  6.2 6.5 0.3 8.7 10.0 1.3 9.5 9.5 0.0 8.6 8.8 0.2 8.3 7.8 -0.5 7.6 7.2 -0.4 6.4 5.8 -0.6
Nov  6.4 6.8 0.4 8.9 9.9 1.0 9.5 9.8 0.3 8.5 8.6 0.1 8.2 7.8 -0.4 7.5 7.0 -0.5
Dec  6.7 7.3 0.6 9.0 9.9 0.9 9.4 9.4 0.0 8.3 8.5 0.2 8.1 7.9 -0.2 7.4 6.7 -0.7

The nonfarm employment estimate, derived from a survey of businesses, is a measure of jobs in the state; the unemployment rate, based on a household survey, is a measure of the work status of people who live in Connecticut. Overall, as the national and state economies recover, volatility in monthly numbers can be expected. Additionally, changes in methodology that culminated in March 2011 with the U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics assuming complete responsibility for estimating all states’ monthly nonfarm job counts, have contributed to the month-to-month variability in the numbers. Jobs estimates are best understood in the context of their movement over several months rather than observed changes in a single month’s estimate.

Next Connecticut Labor Situation release: Thursday, December 18, 2014 (November 2014 data)
Go to the State of Connecticut website