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Labor Market Information - State of Connecticut Labor Situation
State of Connecticut Labor Situation Last Updated: May 16, 2019
Nonfarm jobs increase by 300 in April; unemployment rate drops to 3.8% Connecticut Labor Situation - April 2019 PDF
WETHERSFIELD, May 16, 2019 - Preliminary Connecticut nonfarm job estimates from the business payroll survey administered by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) show the state gained 300 net jobs (0.02%) in April 2019, to a level of 1,695,300 seasonally adjusted. Over the year, nonagricultural employment in the state grew by 11,600 jobs (0.7%). The March 2019 originally-released job loss of 1,300 was revised up by 1,600 to a gain of 300. The number of the state's unemployed residents was estimated at 72,500, seasonally adjusted, down 1,600 from March. As a result, Connecticut's March unemployment rate is at 3.8%, seasonally adjusted, down one-tenth from the revised March level. Resident employment estimates include the self-employed and residents working out of state and are determined separately from the nonfarm payroll job estimates above. None of the movements in payroll job estimates or residential employment are considered statistically significant.

"With the small increase in April and the larger positive revision of March data, the 2019 job growth picture has changed from one of slight declines to slight growth," said Andy Condon, Director of the Office of Research. "Annual job growth is actually stronger than last year at this time, as the first four months of 2018 were very weak."

Nonfarm Jobs Detail (business establishment survey)
Private Sector employment grew by 500 (0.03%) to 1,458,700 jobs over the month in April, and remains up 10,800 (0.7%) seasonally-adjusted jobs over April 2018. The Government supersector was down slightly in April (-200, -0.1%) to a total of 236,600, but is now up 800 jobs (0.3%) over the year. The Government supersector includes all federal, state and local employment, including public higher education and Native American casino employment located on tribal land.

Five of the ten major industry supersectors gained employment in April, while four declined and the Information supersector remained unchanged. Professional and Business Services led gainers with an increase of 1,600 jobs (0.7%, 218,700 total jobs). The Trade, Transportation & Utilities (0.2%, 295,600) was next with a gain of 700 jobs despite continued losses in the retail component. The Educational and Health Services (0.2%, 338,200) supersector picked up 600 jobs while Leisure and Hospitality grew by 400 (0.2%, 160,700). Finally, the Other Services supersector added 100 positions (0.2%, 64,400).

Once again, the Construction and Mining supersector led declines, dropping 2,300 jobs (-3.7%, 60,500). The cold wet spring may be a factor, delaying the start of the traditional construction season. Manufacturing was next, losing 500 positions (-0.3%, 160,800). Lastly, Financial Activities saw a small decline of 100 jobs (-0.1%, 127,000).

Labor Market Information - Connecticut, Employment Sectors & United States Nonfarm Employment
Year to Year Month to Month Previous Three Months
Apr 2019 Apr 2018 Change Rate % Apr 2019 Mar 2019 Change Rate % Feb 2019 Jan 2019 Dec 2018
Graph Follow link below for more charts & data State of Connecticut Employment
go to Connecticut nonfarm employment data table Connecticut Nonfarm Employment 1,695,300 1,683,700 11,600 0.7% 1,695,300 1,695,000 300 0.0% 1,694,700 1,694,300 1,696,800
go to Private Sector sector data table Private Sector 1,458,700 1,447,900 10,800 0.7% 1,458,700 1,458,200 500 0.0% 1,457,600 1,457,400 1,459,800
Graph Follow link below for more charts & data Goods Producing Industries
go to Construction sector data table Construction 60,000 58,100 1,900 3.3% 60,000 62,300 -2,300 -3.7% 61,600 62,100 61,400
go to Manufacturing sector data table Manufacturing 160,800 160,100 700 0.4% 160,800 161,300 -500 -0.3% 161,500 160,800 160,400
Graph Follow link below for more charts & data Service Providing Industries
go to Transportation and Public Utilities sector data table Trade, Transportation and Utilities 295,600 294,900 700 0.2% 295,600 294,900 700 0.2% 294,100 295,100 296,100
go to Information sector data table Information 32,800 31,800 1,000 3.1% 32,800 32,800 0 0.0% 32,900 32,900 32,700
go to Financial Activities sector data table Financial Activities 127,000 125,800 1,200 1.0% 127,000 127,100 -100 -0.1% 126,700 126,500 127,000
go to Professional and Business Services sector data table Professional and Business Services 218,700 219,700 -1,000 -0.5% 218,700 217,100 1,600 0.7% 217,800 216,800 219,500
go to Educational and Health Services sector data table Educational and Health Services 338,200 334,600 3,600 1.1% 338,200 337,600 600 0.2% 337,100 336,800 336,900
go to Leisure and Hospitality sector data table Leisure and Hospitality 160,700 156,500 4,200 2.7% 160,700 160,300 400 0.2% 161,200 161,400 160,500
go to Other Services sector data table Other Services 64,400 65,900 -1,500 -2.3% 64,400 64,300 100 0.2% 64,200 64,400 64,800
go to Government sector data table Government 236,600 235,800 800 0.3% 236,600 236,800 -200 -0.1% 237,100 236,900 237,000
Graph Follow link below for more charts & data United States Employment
go to United States nonfarm employment data table United States Nonfarm Employment 151,095,000 148,475,000 2,620,000 1.8% 151,095,000 150,832,000 263,000 0.2% 150,643,000 150,587,000 150,275,000
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Connecticut has now recovered 81.9% (98,500 jobs) of the 120,300 seasonally adjusted jobs lost in the "Great Recession" (3/08-1/10). The job recovery is into its 111th month and the state needs an additional 21,800 net new jobs to reach an overall nonfarm employment expansion. The state's Private Sector fully recovered at 101.2% (113,300) of the 112,000 private sector jobs lost in that same employment downturn.

Connecticut's Recessionary Job Loss and Recovery March 2008 - April 2019
Connecticut's Recessionary Job Loss and Recovery  March 2008 - April 2019
March
2008
January
2010
April
2019
Jobs Lost Recovered
Jobs Percent
CT Nonfarm Employment 1,717.1 1,596.8 1,695.3 -120.3 98.5 81.9%
Total Private Sector 1,457.4 1,345.4 1,458.7 -112.0 113.3 101.2%
* March 2008 was employment peak. January 2010 was employment trough.    Last Updated: May 16, 2019

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Connecticut Labor Market Areas (LMAs): Only one of the six LMAs seasonally adjusted by the Bureau of Labor Statistics saw job increases in April 2019 and five saw declines. The Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk LMA saw an increase of 300 jobs (0.1%, 410,300). The Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford LMA (-0.1%, 581,300) and New Haven LMA (-0.3%, 286,600) LMAs each saw declines of 800. The Norwich-New London-Westerly LMA (-0.5%, 129,700) dropped 500 net jobs while the Danbury LMA (-0.1%, 77,600) and the Waterbury LMA (-0.1%, 69,300) each posted each posted small losses of 100.

April March February January April Over Month Over Year
Seasonally Adjusted data  2019 P 2019 R 2019 2019 2018 Change Rate   Change Rate
  Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk 410,300 410,000 409,700 409,900 407,700 300 0.1% 2,600 0.6%
  Danbury  77,600 77,700 77,600 77,800 77,300 -100 -0.1% 300 0.4%
  Hartford 581,300 582,100 582,100 583,900 578,700 -800 -0.1% 2,600 0.4%
  New Haven 286,600 287,400 288,200 287,700 284,900 -800 -0.3% 1,700 0.6%
  Norwich-New London-Westerly, RI  129,700 130,200 129,700 129,600 129,500 -500 -0.4% 200 0.2%
  Waterbury  69,300 69,400 69,300 69,200 68,600 -100 -0.1% 700 1.0%
Not Seasonally Adjusted data (Non-Classified Areas, State estimated not BLS)
  Enfield 45,400 44,600 44,400 44,700 45,200 800 1.8% 200 0.4%
  Torrington-Northwest 32,700 32,200 32,100 32,100 32,200 500 1.6% 500 1.6%
  Danielson-Northeast 26,900 26,500 26,400 26,300 26,600 400 1.5% 300 1.1%
* Less than 0.05%       ** Includes Native American tribal government employment          P = Preliminary R = Revised

Note: Six major Connecticut LMAs are estimated independently from the statewide data by the BLS and cover more than 90% of the nonfarm employment in the state. Thus, estimates will not fully sum to the statewide total.

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Hours and Earnings: The Private Sector not seasonally adjusted, averaged 34.0 hours in April 2019, down by one-tenth of an hour from the same month a year ago. Average hourly earnings at $32.76, not seasonally adjusted, were up $0.70 (2.2%) from the April 2018 estimate ($32.06). The resultant average Private Sector weekly pay amounted to $1,113.84, up $20.59 from a year ago (1.9%).

   AVG WEEKLY EARNINGS    AVG WEEKLY HOURS   AVG HOURLY EARNINGS
Apr CHG Mar           Apr CHG Mar               Apr CHG Mar
(Not seasonally adjusted) 2019 2018 Y/Y 2019 2019 2018 Y/Y 2019 2019 2018 Y/Y 2019
PRODUCTION WORKER                      
MANUFACTURING $1,185.94 $1,060.95 $124.99 $1,146.75 43.0 40.9 2.1 41.7 $27.58 $25.94 $1.64 $27.50
 DURABLE GOODS 1,300.73 1,152.06 148.67 1,265.06 42.3 42.2 0.1 41.6 30.75 27.30 3.45 30.41
 NON-DUR. GOODS 814.49 769.20 45.30 778.59 45.3 36.3 9.0 42.2 17.98 21.19 -3.21 18.45
CONSTRUCTION 1,156.63 1,121.16 35.47 1,140.24 38.8 37.1 1.7 38.6 29.81 30.22 -0.41 29.54
                   
ALL EMPLOYEES                        
STATEWIDE                  
TOTAL PRIVATE 1,113.84 1,093.25 20.59 1,106.78 34.0 34.1 -0.1 33.6 32.76 32.06 0.70 32.94
GOODS PRODUCING 1,425.10 1,343.60 81.50 1,393.79 39.4 40.0 -0.6 38.9 36.17 33.59 2.58 35.83
   Construction 1,277.18 1,130.26 146.92 1,252.86 38.0 37.6 0.4 38.0 33.61 30.06 3.55 32.97
   Manufacturing 1,490.02 1,417.19 72.83 1,449.20 40.8 40.9 -0.1 40.0 36.52 34.65 1.87 36.23
SERVICE PROVIDING 1,056.99 1,050.26 6.73 1,056.86 33.0 33.1 -0.1 32.7 32.03 31.73 0.30 32.32
   Trade, Transp., Utilities 909.48 860.31 49.17 891.42 33.4 33.0 0.4 33.2 27.23 26.07 1.16 26.85
   Financial Activities 1,738.06 1,884.77 -146.70 1,737.04 36.8 37.9 -1.1 36.5 47.23 49.73 -2.50 47.59
   Prof. & Business Serv. 1,247.12 1,264.43 -17.31 1,242.86 34.7 34.9 -0.2 33.6 35.94 36.23 -0.29 36.99
   Education & Health Ser. 982.29 938.60 43.69 975.79 33.4 32.5 0.9 33.1 29.41 28.88 0.53 29.48
   Leisure & Hospitality 463.24 476.03 -12.79 467.29 25.3 26.3 -1.0 25.3 18.31 18.10 0.21 18.47
   Other Services 761.36 813.31 -51.95 794.12 31.0 32.3 -1.3 31.5 24.56 25.18 -0.62 25.21
LABOR MARKET AREAS: TOTAL PRIVATE              
   Bridgeport-Stamford 1,209.53 1,186.58 22.95 1,189.27 34.1 33.7 0.4 33.7 35.47 35.21 0.26 35.29
   Danbury 1,106.28 982.35 123.93 1,060.03 36.0 34.3 1.7 35.5 30.73 28.64 2.09 29.86
   Hartford 1,160.93 1,141.93 19.00 1,167.92 34.8 34.9 -0.1 34.3 33.36 32.72 0.64 34.05
   New Haven 1,065.28 1,023.43 41.86 1,075.31 34.1 33.5 0.6 34.3 31.24 30.55 0.69 31.35
   Norwich-New London 825.60 900.73 -75.13 803.88 30.0 32.1 -2.1 29.5 27.52 28.06 -0.54 27.25
   Waterbury 1,000.98 883.68 117.30 936.05 33.5 34.6 -1.1 34.2 29.88 25.54 4.34 27.37

Information for the manufacturing production workweek and earnings can be found in the table section of this release under the "Hours and Earnings" data category. Current all-employee private sector hours and earnings estimates can be volatile due to fluctuating sample responses.

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Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.3 percent in April on a seasonally adjusted basis after rising 0.4 percent in March, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months, the all items index increased 2.0 percent before seasonal adjustment.

The gasoline index continued to increase, rising 5.7 percent and accounting for over two-thirds of the seasonally adjusted all items monthly increase. The index for energy rose 2.9 percent, although the index for natural gas declined and the index for electricity was unchanged. The food index fell in April, its first monthly decline since June 2017.

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.1 percent for the third consecutive month. The indexes for shelter, medical care, education, and new vehicles all rose in April. The indexes for used cars and trucks, apparel, and household furnishings and operations were among those that declined over the month.

The all items index increased 2.0 percent for the 12 months ending April, the largest 12-month increase since the period ending November 2018. The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.1 percent over the last 12 months, and the food index rose 1.8 percent. The energy index increased 1.7 percent over the past year after posting 12-month declines the past 4 months.

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 State of Connecticut Unemployment Rate vs. United States Unemployment Rate
The April 2019 unemployment rate unemployment rate for Connecticut is estimated at 3.8% (seasonally adjusted), down one tenth from the revised March 2019 figure and down five-tenths of a percentage point from a year ago when it was 4.3%. The US jobless rate in April 2019 was 3.6%, down three-tenths of a point from April 2018.
Month 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons
Jan  8.2 8.3 0.1 8.2 8.0 -0.2 7.2 6.6 -0.6 6.1 5.7 -0.4 5.5 4.9 -0.6 4.9 4.7 -0.2 4.5 4.1 -0.4 3.8 4.0 0.2
Feb  8.2 8.3 0.1 8.1 7.7 -0.4 7.0 6.7 -0.3 6.0 5.5 -0.5 5.5 4.9 -0.6 4.9 4.7 -0.2 4.5 4.1 -0.4 3.8 3.8 0.0
Mar  8.3 8.2 -0.1 8.1 7.5 -0.6 6.9 6.7 -0.2 5.9 5.4 -0.5 5.4 5.0 -0.4 4.9 4.4 -0.5 4.4 4.0 -0.4 3.9 3.8 -0.1
Apr  8.3 8.2 -0.1 8.0 7.6 -0.4 6.8 6.2 -0.6 5.8 5.4 -0.4 5.3 5.0 -0.3 4.8 4.4 -0.4 4.3 3.9 -0.4 3.8 3.6 -0.2
May  8.4 8.2 -0.2 7.9 7.5 -0.4 6.7 6.3 -0.4 5.7 5.6 -0.1 5.3 4.8 -0.5 4.7 4.4 -0.3 4.2 3.8 -0.4
Jun  8.5 8.2 -0.3 7.9 7.5 -0.4 6.6 6.1 -0.5 5.7 5.3 -0.4 5.2 4.9 -0.3 4.7 4.3 -0.4 4.1 4.0 -0.1
Jul  8.5 8.2 -0.3 7.8 7.3 -0.5 6.5 6.2 -0.3 5.6 5.2 -0.4 5.1 4.8 -0.3 4.6 4.3 -0.3 4.0 3.9 -0.1
Aug  8.5 8.1 -0.4 7.8 7.2 -0.6 6.5 6.1 -0.4 5.6 5.1 -0.5 5.0 4.9 -0.1 4.5 4.4 -0.1 4.0 3.8 -0.2
Sep  8.4 7.8 -0.6 7.7 7.2 -0.5 6.4 5.9 -0.5 5.6 5.0 -0.6 5.0 5.0 0.0 4.5 4.2 -0.3 3.9 3.7 -0.2
Oct  8.4 7.8 -0.6 7.5 7.2 -0.3 6.3 5.7 -0.6 5.6 5.0 -0.6 4.9 4.9 0.0 4.5 4.1 -0.4 3.8 3.8 0.0
Nov  8.3 7.7 -0.6 7.4 6.9 -0.5 6.3 5.8 -0.5 5.6 5.1 -0.5 4.9 4.7 -0.2 4.5 4.2 -0.3 3.8 3.7 -0.1
Dec  8.2 7.9 -0.3 7.3 6.7 -0.6 6.2 5.6 -0.6 5.6 5.0 -0.6 4.9 4.7 -0.2 4.5 4.1 -0.4 3.8 3.9 0.1

The nonfarm employment estimate, derived from a survey of businesses, is a measure of jobs in the state; the unemployment rate and labor force estimates are based on a household survey, and measure the work status of people who live in Connecticut. Overall, as the national and state economies recover, volatility in monthly numbers can be expected. Job and employment estimates are best understood in the context of their movement over several months rather than observed changes in a single month's value.

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 Labor Force / Residents Employed / Residents Unemployed
Based on the Local Area Unemployment Statistics model (LAUS - a statistical model using the CPS - Current Population Survey residential data), the number of Connecticut unemployed residents, seasonally adjusted, was down 1,600 from March at 74,100. Over the year, the number of the state's jobless residents declined by 9,300 (-11.3%). The state's labor force was down an estimated 5,400 over the month at 1,915,500, but is higher over the year by 22,700 (1.2%). This annual growth margin in the state's labor force has been shrinking in recent months.

April 2019 seasonally adjusted average weekly initial unemployment claims for first-time filers in Connecticut was 4,319 - up from March by 1,491 claims and higher by 808 claims (23%) from the April 2018 level of 3,511. Note that this month's claims include those impacted by the Stop & Shop strike.

Month  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Jan   1,866.1 1,713.9 152.2 1,870.1 1,736.2 134.0 1,902.8 1,786.9 115.9 1,881.6 1,778.2 103.3 1,903.2 1,811.1 92.1 1,888.1 1,802.0 86.1 1,923.6 1,849.7 73.9
Feb   1,862.4 1,711.4 151.0 1,873.3 1,741.5 131.8 1,901.8 1,787.7 114.1 1,882.8 1,780.4 102.4 1,904.3 1,812.3 92.1 1,888.7 1,803.8 84.9 1,923.6 1,849.7 73.9
Mar   1,860.3 1,710.4 149.9 1,876.5 1,746.7 129.8 1,899.7 1,787.6 112.1 1,884.4 1,783.1 101.3 1,904.3 1,812.4 91.9 1,890.3 1,806.9 83.4 1,920.9 1,846.8 74.1
Apr   1,860.3 1,711.5 148.9 1,879.5 1,751.6 127.9 1,896.6 1,786.4 110.2 1,886.4 1,786.0 100.4 1,902.9 1,811.6 91.3 1,892.8 1,811.0 81.8 1,915.5 1,843.0 72.5
May   1,861.7 1,713.8 147.9 1,882.4 1,756.3 126.1 1,892.8 1,784.4 108.4 1,888.8 1,789.2 99.6 1,900.6 1,810.2 90.3 1,896.0 1,815.8 80.2
Jun   1,863.4 1,716.5 147.0 1,885.8 1,761.2 124.6 1,888.6 1,781.8 106.8 1,891.4 1,792.7 98.7 1,897.9 1,808.6 89.3 1,900.0 1,821.3 78.6
Jul   1,864.6 1,718.7 146.0 1,889.4 1,766.0 123.4 1,884.7 1,779.1 105.6 1,893.6 1,796.1 97.5 1,895.4 1,807.0 88.5 1,905.3 1,828.2 77.0
Aug   1,865.0 1,720.3 144.6 1,893.2 1,770.7 122.6 1,881.7 1,776.8 105.0 1,895.4 1,799.3 96.1 1,893.3 1,805.4 87.9 1,911.0 1,835.5 75.5
Sep   1,865.0 1,722.2 142.9 1,896.8 1,775.1 121.7 1,879.8 1,775.1 104.7 1,897.0 1,802.3 94.7 1,891.6 1,804.1 87.5 1,916.5 1,842.3 74.2
Oct   1,865.5 1,724.7 140.8 1,899.8 1,779.1 120.7 1,879.2 1,774.5 104.7 1,898.3 1,804.9 93.4 1,890.3 1,802.9 87.4 1,920.7 1,847.4 73.3
Nov   1,867.1 1,728.3 138.8 1,901.8 1,782.5 119.3 1,879.6 1,775.0 104.6 1,899.7 1,807.2 92.5 1,889.2 1,801.9 87.3 1,921.2 1,848.0 73.2
Dec   1,869.7 1,733.0 136.7 1,902.8 1,785.1 117.7 1,880.5 1,776.3 104.1 1,901.5 1,809.3 92.1 1,888.4 1,801.5 86.9 1,920.7 1,847.3 73.4
The nonfarm employment estimate, derived from a survey of businesses, is a measure of jobs in the state; the unemployment rate and labor force estimates are based on a household survey, and measure the work status of people who live in Connecticut. Overall, as the national and state economies recover, volatility in monthly numbers can be expected. Job and employment estimates are best understood in the context of their movement over several months rather than observed changes in a single month's value.
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Next Connecticut Labor Situation release: Thursday, June 20, 2019 (May 2019 data)
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