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Labor Market Information - Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
  Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) Last Updated: April 11, 2018
The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) decreased 0.1 percent in March on a seasonally adjusted basis after rising 0.2 percent in February, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months, the all items index rose 2.4 percent before seasonal adjustment.

A decline in the gasoline index more than outweighed increases in the indexes for shelter, medical care, and food to result in the slight seasonally adjusted decline in the all items index. The energy index fell sharply due mainly to the 4.9-percent decrease in the gasoline index. The index for food rose 0.1 percent over the month, with the indexes for food at home and food away from home both increasing.

The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.2 percent in March, the same increase as in February. Along with shelter and medical care, the indexes for personal care, motor vehicle insurance, and airline fares all rose. The indexes for apparel, for communication, and for used cars and trucks all declined over the month.

The all items index rose 2.4 percent for the 12 months ending March, the largest 12-month increase since the period ending March 2017 and higher than the 1.6-percent average annual rate over the past 10 years. The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.1 percent, its largest 12-month increase since the period ending February 2017. The energy index increased 7.0 percent over the past 12 months, and the food index advanced 1.3 percent.

Download U.S. Consumer Price Index (1970 - Current).xlsx

Download U.S. Consumer Price Index (1950-Current) pdf

The Consumer Price Index (CPI), computed and published by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. It is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs and other goods and services that people buy for their day-to-day living.

A measure of the average change in prices over time for a set group of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups:

  • (1) for all urban consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 80 percent of the total population
  • (2) for all urban wage earners and clerical workers (CPI-W) which covers 32 percent of the total population.

Among the CPI components are the costs of housing, food, transportation, and energy. While the CPI is not technically a cost of living index, it is often used to indicate changes in the cost-of-living.

A recorded message providing the latest CPI data is available at 617-565-2325. For more assistance, call the Boston office of the Bureau of Labor Statistics at 617-565-2327.

1915 - 2018 Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
Month 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Jan 2.6 3.3 2.5 2.8 2.7 3.0 1.6 1.7 2.7 3.7 1.1 2.6 1.9 3.0 4.0 2.1 4.3 0.0 2.7 1.6 2.9 1.6 1.6 -0.1 1.4 2.5 2.1
Feb 2.8 3.2 2.5 2.9 2.7 3.0 1.4 1.6 3.2 3.5 1.1 3.0 1.7 3.0 3.6 2.4 4.0 0.2 2.1 2.1 2.9 2.0 1.1 0.0 1.0 2.7 2.2
Mar 3.2 3.1 2.5 2.9 2.8 2.8 1.4 1.7 3.8 2.9 1.5 3.0 1.7 3.1 3.4 2.8 3.9 -0.4 2.3 2.7 2.7 1.5 1.5 -0.1 0.9 2.4 2.4
Apr 3.2 3.2 2.4 3.1 2.9 2.5 1.4 2.3 3.1 3.3 1.6 2.2 2.3 3.5 3.5 2.6 3.9 -0.7 2.3 3.2 2.3 1.1 2.0 -0.2 1.1 2.2
May 3.0 3.2 2.3 3.2 2.9 2.2 1.7 2.1 3.2 3.6 1.2 2.1 3.1 2.8 4.2 2.7 4.2 -1.2 2.0 3.6 1.7 1.4 2.1 0.0 1.0 1.9
Jun 3.1 3.0 2.5 3.0 2.8 2.3 1.7 2.0 3.7 3.2 1.1 2.1 3.3 2.5 4.3 2.7 5.0 -1.4 1.1 3.6 1.7 1.8 2.1 0.1 1.0 1.6
Jul 3.2 2.8 2.8 2.8 3.0 2.2 1.7 2.1 3.7 2.7 1.5 2.1 3.0 3.2 4.1 2.4 5.6 -2.1 1.2 3.6 1.4 2.0 2.0 0.2 0.8 1.7
Aug 3.1 2.8 2.9 2.6 2.9 2.2 1.6 2.3 3.4 2.7 1.8 2.2 2.7 3.6 3.8 2.0 5.4 -1.5 1.2 3.8 1.7 1.5 1.7 0.2 1.1 1.9
Sep 3.0 2.7 3.0 2.5 3.0 2.2 1.5 2.6 3.5 2.6 1.5 2.3 2.5 4.7 2.1 2.8 4.9 -1.3 1.1 3.9 2.0 1.2 1.7 0.0 1.5 2.2
Oct 3.2 2.8 2.6 2.8 3.0 2.1 1.5 2.6 3.4 2.1 2.0 2.0 3.2 4.3 1.3 3.5 3.7 -0.2 1.2 3.5 2.2 1.0 1.7 0.2 1.6 2.0
Nov 3.0 2.7 2.7 2.6 3.3 1.8 1.5 2.6 3.4 1.9 2.2 1.8 3.5 3.5 2.0 4.3 1.0 1.8 1.2 3.4 1.8 1.2 1.3 0.5 1.7 2.2
Dec 2.9 2.7 2.7 2.5 3.3 1.7 1.6 2.7 3.4 1.6 2.4 1.9 3.3 3.4 2.5 4.1 0.1 2.7 1.5 3.0 1.7 1.5 0.8 0.7 2.1 2.1
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1915 - 2018 Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
1990 - 2018 Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
Average
Annual
Change
2018 247.867 248.991 249.554                   248.804 +1.5%
%Change +2.1% +2.2% +2.4%                      
2017 242.839 242.603 243.801 244.524 244.733 244.955 244.786 245.519 246.819 246.663 246.669 246.524 245.120 +2.1%
2016 236.92 237.11 238.132 239.261 240.229 241.018 240.628 240.849 241.428 241.729 241.353 241.432 240.007 +1.3%
2015 233.70 234.72 236.12 236.59 237.81 238.64 238.65 238.32 237.95 237.84 237.34 236.53 237.017 +0.1%
2014 233.9 234.8 236.3 237.1 237.9 238.3 238.25 237.85 238.03 237.43 236.15 234.81 236.74 +1.6%
2013 230.3 232.2 232.8 232.5 232.9 233.5 233.6 233.9 234.1 233.5 233.1 233.0 232.9 +1.5%
2012 226.7 227.7 229.4 230.1 229.8 229.5 229.1 230.4 231.4 231.3 230.2 229.6 229.6 +2.1%
2011 220.2 221.3 223.5 224.9 226.0 225.7 225.9 226.5 226.9 226.4 226.2 225.7 224.9 +3.2%
2010 216.7 216.7 217.6 218.0 218.2 218.0 218.0 218.3 218.4 218.7 218.8 219.2 218.0 +1.6%
Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
Average
Annual
Change
2009 211.1 212.2 212.7 213.2 213.9 215.7 215.4 215.8 216.0 216.2 216.3 215.9 214.5 -0.4%
2008 211.1 211.7 213.5 214.8 216.6 218.8 220.0 219.1 218.8 216.6 212.4 210.2 215.3 +3.9%
2007 202.4 203.5 205.4 206.7 207.9 208.4 208.3 207.9 208.5 208.9 210.2 210.0 207.3 +2.8%
2006 198.3 198.7 199.8 201.5 202.5 202.9 203.5 203.9 202.9 201.8 201.5 201.8 201.6 +3.2%
2005 190.7 191.8 193.3 194.6 194.4 194.5 195.4 196.4 198.8 199.2 197.6 196.8 195.3 +3.4%
2004 185.2 186.2 187.4 188.0 189.1 189.7 189.4 189.5 189.9 190.9 191.0 190.3 188.9 +2.7%
2003 181.7 183.1 184.2 183.8 183.5 183.7 183.9 184.6 185.2 185.0 184.5 184.3 184.0 +2.3%
2002 177.1 177.8 178.8 179.8 179.8 179.9 180.1 180.7 181.0 181.3 181.3 180.9 179.9 +1.6%
2001 175.1 175.8 176.2 176.9 177.7 178.0 177.5 177.5 178.3 177.7 177.4 176.7 177.1 +2.8%
2000 168.8 169.8 171.2 171.3 171.5 172.4 172.8 172.8 173.7 174.0 174.1 174.0 172.2 +3.4%
Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
Average
Annual
Change
1999 164.3 164.5 165.0 166.2 166.2 166.2 166.7 167.1 167.9 168.2 168.3 168.3 166.6 +2.2%
1998 161.6 161.9 162.2 162.5 162.8 163.0 163.2 163.4 163.6 164.0 164.0 163.9 163.0 +1.6%
1997 159.1 159.6 160.0 160.2 160.1 160.3 160.5 160.8 161.2 161.6 161.5 161.3 160.5 +2.3%
1996 154.4 154.9 155.7 156.3 156.6 156.7 157.0 157.3 157.8 158.3 158.6 158.6 156.9 +3.0%
1995 150.3 150.9 151.4 151.9 152.2 152.5 152.5 152.9 153.2 153.7 153.6 153.5 152.4 +2.8%
1994 146.2 146.7 147.2 147.4 147.5 148.0 148.4 149.0 149.4 149.5 149.7 149.7 148.2 +2.6%
1993 142.6 143.1 143.6 144.0 144.2 144.4 144.4 144.8 145.1 145.7 145.8 145.8 144.5 +3.0%
1992 138.1 138.6 139.3 139.5 139.7 140.2 140.5 140.9 141.3 141.8 142.0 141.9 140.3 +3.0%
1991 134.6 134.8 135.0 135.2 135.6 136.0 136.2 136.6 137.2 137.4 137.8 137.9 136.2 +4.2%
1990 127.4 128.0 128.7 128.9 129.2 129.9 130.4 131.6 132.7 133.5 133.8 133.8 130.7 +5.4%
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