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Archeologists Go Back to List
Conduct research to reconstruct record of past human life and culture from human remains, artifacts, architectural features, and structures recovered through excavation, underwater recovery, or other means of discovery.
 Tools & Technology
 Tools used in this occupation:
 
  • Land drilling rigs
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  • Forestry increment borers
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  • Augers
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  • Hammers
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  • Picks
  •  Technology used in this occupation:
     
  • Map creation software
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  • Data base user interface and query software
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  • Graphics or photo imaging software
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  • Electronic mail software
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  • Document management software
  •  Tasks
     
  • Write, present, and publish reports that record site history, methodology, and artifact analysis results, along with recommendations for conserving and interpreting findings.
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  • Compare findings from one site with archeological data from other sites to find similarities or differences.
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  • Research, survey, or assess sites of past societies and cultures in search of answers to specific research questions.
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  • Study objects and structures recovered by excavation to identify, date, and authenticate them and to interpret their significance.
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  • Develop and test theories concerning the origin and development of past cultures.
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  • Consult site reports, existing artifacts, and topographic maps to identify archeological sites.
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  • Create a grid of each site and draw and update maps of unit profiles, stratum surfaces, features, and findings.
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  • Record the exact locations and conditions of artifacts uncovered in diggings or surveys, using drawings and photographs as necessary.
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  • Assess archeological sites for resource management, development, or conservation purposes and recommend methods for site protection.
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  • Describe artifacts' physical properties or attributes, such as the materials from which artifacts are made and their size, shape, function, and decoration.
  •  Skills
     
  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
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  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
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  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
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  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
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  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
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  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
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  • Coordination - Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
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  • Complex Problem Solving - Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.
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  • Science - Using scientific rules and methods to solve problems.
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  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
  •  Knowledge
     
  • History and Archeology - Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
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  • Sociology and Anthropology - Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
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  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
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  • Geography - Knowledge of principles and methods for describing the features of land, sea, and air masses, including their physical characteristics, locations, interrelationships, and distribution of plant, animal, and human life.
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  • Foreign Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of a foreign (non-English) language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition and grammar, and pronunciation.
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  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
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  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
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  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
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  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
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  • Clerical - Knowledge of administrative and clerical procedures and systems such as word processing, managing files and records, stenography and transcription, designing forms, and other office procedures and terminology.
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     Education & Training
      Education:   Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
      Related Experience:   Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
      View Related Programs on Connecticut's Education & Training ConneCTion site.
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     Wage Information
     
    Region Average Entry Level  Mid-Range 
    Annual  Hourly 
    Statewide $76,668.00 $36.86  $25.14  $27.25 - $46.90 
    ONET Resource Center Some of the occupational information on this page is formulated from O*NETTM v17.0 data. O*NETTM is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
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