State of Connecticut Home Follow Research on FacebookFollow CTDOL on InstagramFollow CTDOL on LinkedINFollow CTDOL on YouTube
Connecticut Department of Labor Home Connecticut Labor Market Information Home Connecticut Labor Market Information Home
Home About Publications FAQ Glossary Contact
Labor Market Information - State of Connecticut Labor Situation
  State of Connecticut Labor Situation Last Updated: May 16, 2024
Connecticut's unemployment rate declines to 4.4%; payroll jobs up 1,100 in April 2024 Connecticut Labor Situation - April 2024 PDF
WETHERSFIELD, May 16, 2024 - April 2024 Connecticut payroll jobs increased 1,100 (0.1%) to a level of 1,705,800, as the state's jobless rate ticked lower by one-tenth of one percent to 4.4% (preliminary data, seasonally adjusted). Over the year, statewide industry payroll employment is 21,600 (1.3%) positions higher than the April 2023 level of 1,684,200. The state has now recovered 102.5% (298,300) of the 291,100 nonagricultural jobs lost during the March-April 2020 COVID lockdown period. March statewide preliminary payroll gains of +4,900 were revised much lower to a +500 jobs gain on the monthly survey revision. The April 2024 unemployment rate dropped one-tenth over-the-month but is one and one-tenth percentage points higher than a year ago (3.3%). This release includes labor statistics from two different monthly surveys (households and establishments) produced by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) in cooperation with the States.

"Connecticut has gained jobs each month in 2024 with Health Care, Construction, Local Government, Manufacturing, and Finance & Insurance adding the most jobs so far this year," said Patrick Flaherty, Director of the Office of Research at the Connecticut Department of Labor. "The unemployment rate remains low even as the labor force has increased each month of 2024 to date."

Nonfarm Jobs Detail (business establishment survey)
Connecticut's Private Sector employment added 300 (0.02%) positions in April 2024 to 1,471,500 and is higher by 17,700 jobs (1.2%) from the April 2023 level (1,453,800). The state's Private Sector has fully recovered (103.8%) from the April 2020 COVID employment lockdown low point. March's preliminary Private Sector job gain of 4,400 (0.3%) was revised to an unchanged (0.0%) job outcome. The Government supersector was up by 800 jobs (0.3%) in April to a level of 234,300 jobs and is higher by 3,900 (1.7%) positions from year-ago levels. The public sector is now 87.8% recovered from the overall COVID April 2020 employment trough. There were no revisions to March's 2024 total government gain of 500. Connecticut's total Government supersector includes all civilian federal, state, local, and tribal government employment, including public education and Native American casino jobs located on federally recognized tribal reservations.

Seven of the ten major industry supersectors increased jobs in April 2024, while three declined.

The seven industry supersectors that added employment in April 2024 included:

The three industry supersector that lost jobs in April 2024 were:

CONNECTICUT AND THE UNITED STATES - Seasonally Adjusted
April March February January April Over Month Over Year
 2024 P 2024 R 2024 2024 2023 Change Rate   Change  Rate  
CONNECTICUT 1,705,800 1,704,700 1,704,200 1,701,600 1,684,200 1,100 0.1% 21,600 1.3%
Total Private 1,471,500 1,471,200 1,471,200 1,468,300 1,453,800 300 0.0% 17,700 1.2%
Goods Producing Industries                    
  Mining 500 500 500 500 600 0 0.0% -100 -16.7%
  Construction   63,600 63,400 62,700 61,700 62,300 200 0.3%   1,300 2.1%
  Manufacturing 159,400 158,800 158,600 158,400 158,400 600 0.4% 1,000 0.6%
    Durable Goods   125,100 124,600 124,300 124,200 123,800 500 0.4%   1,300 1.1%
    Nondurable Goods 34,300 34,200 34,300 34,200 34,600 100 0.3% -300 -0.9%
Service Providing Industries                    
  Trade, Transportation & Utilities 297,900 297,600 297,200 297,600 294,900 300 0.1% 3,000 1.0%
    Wholesale   62,300 61,700 61,200 61,400 61,000 600 1.0%   1,300 2.1%
    Retail 164,500 164,800 164,500 164,600 167,600 -300 -0.2% -3,100 -1.8%
    Transp, Warehousing & Utilities 71,100 71,100 71,500 71,600 66,300 0 0.0%   4,800 7.2%
  Information 30,000 29,900 30,000 30,000 31,500 100 0.3% -1,500 -4.8%
  Financial Activities   118,900 118,300 118,500 118,100 118,400 600 0.5%   500 0.4%
    Finance & Insurance 99,100 98,500 98,700 98,500 98,700 600 0.6% 400 0.4%
    Real Estate, Rental & Leasing 19,800 19,800 19,800 19,600 19,700 0 0.0%   100 0.5%
  Professional & Business Services 219,100 219,700 222,400 224,000 221,100 -600 -0.3% -2,000 -0.9%
    Prof, Scientific & Tech Services 100,400 100,100 100,500 100,700 100,500 300 0.3%   -100 -0.1%
    Management of Companies  31,400 31,500 31,700 31,800 31,500 -100 -0.3% -100 -0.3%
    Admn & Support & Waste Mgt Serv 87,300 88,100 90,200 91,500 89,100 -800 -0.9%   -1,800 -2.0%
  Educational & Health Services 363,000 362,000 361,200 360,500 351,900 1,000 0.3% 11,100 3.2%
    Educational Services 72,700 72,500 72,900 73,500 70,100 200 0.3%   2,600 3.7%
    Health Care & Social Assistance 290,300 289,500 288,300 287,000 281,800 800 0.3% 8,500 3.0%
  Leisure and Hospitality 154,400 155,600 154,600 153,700 152,500 -1,200 -0.8%   1,900 1.2%
    Arts, Entertainment & Recreation 28,900 29,000 28,400 28,000 27,900 -100 -0.3% 1,000 3.6%
    Accommodation & Food Services 125,500 126,600 126,200 125,700 124,600 -1,100 -0.9%   900 0.7%
  Other Services 64,700 65,400 65,500 63,800 62,200 -700 -1.1% 2,500 4.0%
  Government**   234,300 233,500 233,000 233,300 230,400 800 0.3%   3,900 1.7%
UNITED STATES      158,286,000 158,111,000 157,796,000 157,560,000 155,484,000 175,000 0.1%   2,802,000 1.8%
top

Connecticut Labor Market Areas (LMAs): Four of the six major Connecticut LMAs that are seasonally adjusted by the BLS (about 92% of the coverage of the state) produced nonfarm industry employment gains in April 2024. The New Haven LMA (0.3%, 306,600) and the Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk LMA (0.2%, 410,600) led in monthly numerical gains adding 800 jobs each followed by the largest Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford LMA (0.1%, 583,400) increasing 500 positions. The Waterbury LMA (0.6%, 67,000) saw the largest monthly percentage gain, adding 400 jobs. The Norwich-New London-Westerly LMA (-0.3%, 127,000) cut 400 jobs and the Danbury LMA (-0.1%, 78,100) decreased 100 positions.

Labor Market Area employment estimates are made independently of Statewide estimates.
April March February January April Over Month Over Year
Seasonally Adjusted data   2024 P 2024 R 2024 2024 2023 Change Rate   Change Rate  
  Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk 410,600 409,800 408,400 407,600 404,300 800 0.2% 6,300 1.6%
  Danbury  78,100 78,200 77,700 77,700 77,500 -100 -0.1% 600 0.8%
  Hartford 583,400 582,900 583,300 582,100 578,600 500 0.1% 4,800 0.8%
  New Haven 306,600 305,800 304,600 304,300 298,900 800 0.3% 7,700 2.6%
  Norwich-New London-Westerly, RI  127,000 127,400 127,500 127,400 124,900 -400 -0.3% 2,100 1.7%
  Waterbury  67,000 66,600 66,700 66,800 66,300 400 0.6% 700 1.1%
Not Seasonally Adjusted data (Non-Classified Areas, State estimated - not BLS)
  Enfield 42,800 42,600 42,500 42,800 42,600 200 0.5% 200 0.5%
  Torrington-Northwest 32,500 32,300 32,300 32,200 32,100 200 0.6% 400 1.2%
  Danielson-Northeast 27,000 27,000 27,000 27,100 27,100 0 0.0% -100 -0.4%
* Less than 0.05%       ** Includes Native American tribal government employment          P = Preliminary R = Revised

Note: Six major Connecticut LMAs are estimated independently from the statewide data by the BLS and cover more than 90% of the nonfarm employment in the state. Thus, estimates will not fully sum to the statewide total.

top

Hours and Earnings: The April 2024 Private Sector workweek, not seasonally adjusted, averaged 33.5 hours. This is down two-tenths of an hour from the April 2023 average of 33.7 hours (-0.6%). Average hourly earnings at $37.86 in April 2024, not seasonally adjusted, were up by $2.04 (5.7%) from the April 2023 estimate of $35.82. The April 2024 Private Sector weekly wage averaged $1,268.31, higher by $61.18 (5.1%) from a year ago.

   AVG WEEKLY EARNINGS    AVG WEEKLY HOURS   AVG HOURLY EARNINGS
Apr CHG Mar             Apr CHG Mar               Apr CHG Mar
(Not seasonally adjusted) 2024 2023 Y/Y 2024 2024 2023 Y/Y 2024 2024 2023 Y/Y 2024
PRODUCTION WORKER                      
MANUFACTURING $1,221.39 $1,131.51 $89.87 $1,216.51 38.3 39.8 -1.5 38.4 $31.89 $28.43 $3.46 $31.68
 DURABLE GOODS 1,310.16 1,215.65 94.51 1,307.29 38.5 40.2 -1.7 38.7 34.03 30.24 3.79 33.78
 NON-DUR. GOODS 973.35 884.71 88.64 955.20 37.8 38.6 -0.8 37.4 25.75 22.92 2.83 25.54
CONSTRUCTION 1,460.88 1,549.18 -88.30 1,476.68 37.7 40.8 -3.1 38.0 38.75 37.97 0.78 38.86
                   
ALL EMPLOYEES                        
STATEWIDE                  
TOTAL PRIVATE 1,268.31 1,207.13 61.18 1,247.09 33.5 33.7 -0.2 33.3 37.86 35.82 2.04 37.45
GOODS PRODUCING 1,513.51 1,501.74 11.77 1,494.59 38.6 40.5 -1.9 38.6 39.21 37.08 2.13 38.72
   Construction 1,515.85 1,568.12 -52.27 1,527.04 36.5 39.8 -3.3 37.1 41.53 39.40 2.13 41.16
   Manufacturing 1,458.75 1,487.60 -28.85 1,447.89 38.9 40.0 -1.1 38.6 37.50 37.19 0.31 37.51
SERVICE PROVIDING 1,224.78 1,155.05 69.73 1,204.63 32.6 32.5 0.1 32.4 37.57 35.54 2.03 37.18
   Trade, Transp., Utilities 971.78 904.18 67.60 952.99 31.5 31.2 0.3 31.4 30.85 28.98 1.87 30.35
   Financial Activities 2,218.06 2,098.30 119.76 2,178.79 38.0 38.6 -0.6 37.8 58.37 54.36 4.01 57.64
   Prof. & Business Serv. 1,580.13 1,528.62 51.51 1,561.14 36.2 36.5 -0.3 35.4 43.65 41.88 1.77 44.10
   Education & Health Ser. 1,130.11 1,098.26 31.85 1,119.32 32.7 33.1 -0.4 32.7 34.56 33.18 1.38 34.23
   Leisure & Hospitality 615.42 552.95 62.47 606.06 26.0 25.1 0.9 26.0 23.67 22.03 1.64 23.31
   Other Services 934.51 897.58 36.93 928.50 30.7 29.8 0.9 30.0 30.44 30.12 0.32 30.95
LABOR MARKET AREAS: TOTAL PRIVATE              
   Bridgeport-Stamford 1,325.99 1,301.16 24.83 1,298.23 33.1 33.1 0.0 32.9 40.06 39.31 0.75 39.46
   Danbury 1,184.05 1,257.43 -73.38 1,165.07 35.0 36.5 -1.5 34.5 33.83 34.45 -0.62 33.77
   Hartford 1,305.49 1,284.19 21.30 1,278.82 33.9 34.3 -0.4 33.6 38.51 37.44 1.07 38.06
   New Haven 1,177.19 1,132.20 44.99 1,172.88 32.6 34.0 -1.4 32.4 36.11 33.30 2.81 36.20
   Norwich-New London 1,088.68 1,021.68 67.00 1,081.84 32.2 33.0 -0.8 32.4 33.81 30.96 2.85 33.39
   Waterbury 999.94 953.24 46.70 981.55 34.0 33.4 0.6 33.5 29.41 28.54 0.87 29.30

Information for the manufacturing production workweek and earnings can be found in the table section of this release under the "Hours and Earnings" data category. Current all-employee private sector hours and earnings estimates can be volatile due to fluctuating sample responses.

top


The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.3 percent in April on a seasonally adjusted basis, after rising 0.4 percent in March, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months, the all items index increased 3.4 percent before seasonal adjustment.

The index for shelter rose in April, as did the index for gasoline. Combined, these two indexes contributed over seventy percent of the monthly increase in the index for all items. The energy index rose 1.1 percent over the month. The food index was unchanged in April. The food at home index declined 0.2 percent, while the food away from home index rose 0.3 percent over the month.

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.3 percent in April, after rising 0.4 percent in each of the 3 preceding months. Indexes which increased in April include shelter, motor vehicle insurance, medical care, apparel, and personal care. The indexes for used cars and trucks, household furnishings and operations, and new vehicles were among those that decreased over the month.

The all items index rose 3.4 percent for the 12 months ending April, a smaller increase than the 3.5-percent increase for the 12 months ending March. The all items less food and energy index rose 3.6 percent over the last 12 months. The energy index increased 2.6 percent for the 12 months ending April. The food index increased 2.2 percent over the last year.


top
 State of Connecticut Unemployment Rate vs. United States Unemployment Rate
The preliminary April 2024 unemployment rate for Connecticut was estimated by the BLS Local Area Unemployment Statistics program (LAUS) to be 4.4% (seasonally adjusted). This is lower over the month by one-tenth of one percent but is higher by one and one-tenth percentage point compared to the April 2023 level of 3.3%. Last April and May 2023, Connecticut's unemployment rate reached its post COVID low point of 3.3%. The U.S. unemployment rate for April 2024 was 3.9%, higher by one-tenth of a percentage point from the March 2024 rate of 3.8% and is higher over the year from the U.S. jobless rate of 3.4% in April 2023.
Month 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons
Jan  6.0 5.7 -0.3 5.2 4.8 -0.4 4.6 4.7 0.1 4.2 4.0 -0.2 3.7 4.0 0.3 3.8 3.6 -0.2 7.1 6.4 -0.7 4.9 4.0 -0.9 3.6 3.4 -0.2 4.4 3.7 -0.7
Feb  5.9 5.5 -0.4 5.2 4.9 -0.3 4.5 4.6 0.1 4.1 4.1 0.0 3.6 3.8 0.2 3.8 3.5 -0.3 7.1 6.2 -0.9 4.6 3.8 -0.8 3.5 3.6 0.1 4.5 3.9 -0.6
Mar  5.8 5.4 -0.4 5.1 5.0 -0.1 4.5 4.4 -0.1 4.1 4.0 -0.1 3.6 3.8 0.2 3.9 4.4 0.5 7.0 6.1 -0.9 4.4 3.6 -0.8 3.4 3.5 0.1 4.5 3.8 -0.7
Apr  5.8 5.4 -0.4 5.0 5.1 0.1 4.5 4.4 -0.1 4.0 4.0 0.0 3.5 3.7 0.2 8.3 14.9 6.6 7.1 6.1 -1.0 4.3 3.7 -0.6 3.3 3.4 0.1 4.4 3.9 -0.5
May  5.7 5.6 -0.1 4.9 4.8 -0.1 4.4 4.4 0.0 3.9 3.8 -0.1 3.5 3.6 0.1 11.8 13.3 1.5 6.9 5.8 -1.1 4.1 3.6 -0.5 3.3 3.7 0.4
Jun  5.6 5.3 -0.3 4.9 4.9 0.0 4.4 4.3 -0.1 3.9 4.0 0.1 3.5 3.6 0.1 11.5 11.0 -0.5 6.8 5.9 -0.9 4.0 3.6 -0.4 3.4 3.6 0.2
Jul  5.6 5.2 -0.4 4.8 4.8 0.0 4.4 4.3 -0.1 3.8 3.8 0.0 3.5 3.7 0.2 11.7 10.2 -1.5 6.5 5.4 -1.1 3.9 3.5 -0.4 3.6 3.5 -0.1
Aug  5.5 5.1 -0.4 4.7 4.9 0.2 4.4 4.4 0.0 3.8 3.8 0.0 3.6 3.6 0.0 9.6 8.4 -1.2 6.2 5.1 -1.1 3.8 3.6 -0.2 3.8 3.8 0.0
Sep  5.4 5.0 -0.4 4.7 5.0 0.3 4.4 4.3 -0.1 3.7 3.7 0.0 3.6 3.5 -0.1 8.8 7.8 -1.0 5.9 4.7 -1.2 3.8 3.5 -0.3 4.0 3.8 -0.2
Oct  5.4 5.0 -0.4 4.7 4.9 0.2 4.3 4.2 -0.1 3.7 3.8 0.1 3.6 3.6 0.0 7.9 6.8 -1.1 5.6 4.5 -1.1 3.8 3.6 -0.2 4.2 3.8 -0.4
Nov  5.4 5.1 -0.3 4.6 4.7 0.1 4.3 4.2 -0.1 3.7 3.8 0.1 3.7 3.6 -0.1 7.5 6.7 -0.8 5.3 4.1 -1.2 3.8 3.6 -0.2 4.2 3.7 -0.5
Dec  5.3 5.0 -0.3 4.6 4.7 0.1 4.3 4.1 -0.2 3.7 3.9 0.2 3.7 3.6 -0.1 7.4 6.7 -0.7 5.1 3.9 -1.2 3.7 3.5 -0.2 4.2 3.7 -0.5

The nonfarm employment estimate, derived from a survey of businesses, is a measure of jobs in the state; the unemployment rate and labor force estimates are based on a household survey, and measure the work status of people who live in Connecticut. Overall, as the national and state economies recover, volatility in monthly numbers can be expected. Job and employment estimates are best understood in the context of their movement over several months rather than observed changes in a single month's value.

top
 Labor Force / Residents Employed / Residents Unemployed
Average weekly initial unemployment claims (not seasonally adjusted) for first-time filers (AWIC) in Connecticut for April 2024 were 3,324. This is 799 (31.6%) claims higher than March 2024 (2,525), but lower by 286 (-7.9%) claims than April 2023 (3,610). Spring school vacations can bring a temporary increase in initial claims from education-related sectors.
Month  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Jan   1,908.3 1,828.3 80.0 1,927.3 1,856.5 70.8 1,936.8 1,863.4 73.4 1,805.1 1,676.0 129.0 1,942.9 1,848.6 94.4 1,886.3 1,818.6 67.7 1,902.4 1,819.5 82.9
Feb   1,910.7 1,831.8 78.9 1,926.6 1,856.8 69.8 1,931.1 1,856.8 74.3 1,801.7 1,673.9 127.8 1,938.6 1,849.5 89.2 1,886.4 1,820.5 65.8 1,906.4 1,820.3 86.1
Mar   1,914.5 1,836.7 77.7 1,925.8 1,857.2 68.6 1,924.5 1,849.6 74.9 1,800.0 1,673.3 126.8 1,933.8 1,849.1 84.7 1,887.1 1,822.9 64.2 1,910.5 1,825.0 85.4
Apr   1,918.6 1,842.2 76.5 1,925.7 1,858.0 67.7 1,828.7 1,676.7 151.9 1,801.0 1,673.6 127.4 1,929.3 1,847.1 82.3 1,888.3 1,825.0 63.2 1,911.1 1,827.6 83.4
May   1,922.2 1,846.9 75.3 1,926.7 1,859.5 67.2 1,901.8 1,676.9 224.9 1,798.9 1,674.8 124.1 1,923.0 1,843.2 79.8 1,889.8 1,826.6 63.2
Jun   1,924.9 1,850.7 74.2 1,928.9 1,861.6 67.3 1,893.1 1,675.9 217.3 1,821.1 1,696.8 124.3 1,914.8 1,837.8 77.1 1,892.0 1,827.5 64.5
Jul   1,926.8 1,853.6 73.2 1,931.7 1,863.6 68.1 1,901.5 1,679.8 221.6 1,837.5 1,717.7 119.9 1,905.6 1,831.3 74.3 1,894.5 1,827.1 67.4
Aug   1,928.5 1,856.0 72.5 1,934.6 1,865.5 69.1 1,859.8 1,681.9 178.0 1,854.9 1,739.0 115.9 1,896.6 1,825.4 71.2 1,896.8 1,825.1 71.6
Sep   1,930.0 1,857.9 72.1 1,937.4 1,867.5 69.9 1,848.0 1,685.1 162.9 1,870.3 1,759.9 110.4 1,892.9 1,820.9 71.9 1,898.6 1,822.5 76.1
Oct   1,931.4 1,859.4 72.0 1,939.7 1,869.0 70.6 1,828.0 1,684.2 143.8 1,888.5 1,782.0 106.5 1,890.1 1,818.1 71.9 1,899.6 1,820.1 79.6
Nov   1,932.6 1,860.8 71.9 1,941.0 1,869.5 71.5 1,819.1 1,682.3 136.8 1,905.5 1,804.1 101.4 1,888.1 1,817.0 71.1 1,899.5 1,819.2 80.3
Dec   1,933.4 1,861.9 71.5 1,940.2 1,867.8 72.5 1,813.4 1,679.3 134.1 1,924.3 1,826.4 97.9 1,886.9 1,817.3 69.6 1,899.1 1,819.3 79.9
The nonfarm employment estimate, derived from a survey of businesses, is a measure of jobs in the state; the unemployment rate and labor force estimates are based on a household survey, and measure the work status of people who live in Connecticut. Overall, as the national and state economies recover, volatility in monthly numbers can be expected. Job and employment estimates are best understood in the context of their movement over several months rather than observed changes in a single month's value.
top
Next Connecticut Labor Situation release: Monday, June 24, 2024 (May 2024, preliminary data)
State of Connecticut Department of Labor - Office of Research, 200 Folly Brook Boulevard, Wethersfield, CT 06109
LMI Home | CTDOL Home | Feedback | This workforce product was funded by a grant awarded by the U.S. Department of Labor's Employment and Training Administration. (more)
ct.gov logo with flag embelishment About CT Policies Accessibility Directories Social Media For State Employees