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Labor Market Information - State of Connecticut Labor Situation
State of Connecticut Labor Situation Last Updated: January 22, 2024
Connecticut down 2,500 payroll jobs in December; unemployment rate rises 0.2% to 3.8% Connecticut Labor Situation - November 2023 PDF
WETHERSFIELD, January 22, 2024 - Industry payroll jobs in Connecticut decreased 2,500 (-0.1%) in December 2023 to a level of 1,695,800, while the state's jobless rate increased two-tenths of a percent to 3.8% (preliminary, all seasonally adjusted data). Statewide nonfarm industry employment stands 22,700 (1.4%) positions higher than year-ago December levels. The state has recovered 99.4% (287,400) of the 289,100 nonagricultural jobs lost during the March-April 2020 COVID lockdown. The preliminary November 2023 job gain of 500 positions was revised lower by 600 jobs to now a minuscule loss (-100). Connecticut's December 2023 jobless rate is lower by two tenths of a percentage point from the 4.0% rate estimated a year ago. This release includes labor statistics from two monthly surveys (household and establishment) produced by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) in association with the states.

"While there were month-to-month fluctuations, 2023 was a year of solid growth and low unemployment in the Connecticut labor market," said Patrick Flaherty, Director of the Office of Research at the Connecticut Department of Labor. "Jobs increased by 22,700 in 2023 after growing 26,800 in 2022 - more jobs than were added in any two-year pre-pandemic period since 1999."

Nonfarm Jobs Detail (business establishment survey)
Connecticut's Private Sector employment declined 2,900 (-0.2%) positions in December 2023 to 1,462,200 but remains higher by 18,000 jobs (1.2%) from the December 2022 level. The state's Private Sector is still fully recovered (100.5%) from the April 2020 COVID employment lockdown low point. November's preliminary Private Sector job small decline of 300 was revised down further by 700 jobs to a -1,000 (-0.1%) jobs loss. The Government supersector increased 400 jobs (0.2%) last month to a level of 233,600 jobs. The full Government sector employment in the state is 4,700 positions (2.1%) higher than year-ago levels. The public sector is now 86.6% recovered from the COVID April 2020 overall employment bottom. November's government gain was revised up by 100 to 900 (0.4%) from the initial 800 reported job gain. The state's Government supersector includes all civilian federal, state, local, and tribal government employment, including public education and Native American casino jobs located on federally recognized tribal reservations.

Consistent with established practice over the past many years, there will be no Labor Situation in February. On March 8, 2024, we will publish the January employment and unemployment numbers and the newly benchmarked data for 2023.

Three of the ten major industry supersectors increased jobs in December 2023, while six declined, and the Manufacturing supersector was unchanged.

The four industry supersectors that increased employment or were unchanged in December 2023 included:

The six industry supersectors that decreased jobs in December 2023 were:

Labor Market Information - Connecticut, Employment Sectors & United States Nonfarm Employment
Year to Year Month to Month Previous Three Months
Dec 2023 Dec 2022 Change Rate % Dec 2023 Nov 2023 Change Rate % Oct 2023 Sep 2023 Aug 2023
Graph Follow link below for more charts & data State of Connecticut Employment
go to Connecticut nonfarm employment data table Connecticut Nonfarm Employment 1,695,800 1,673,100 22,700 1.4% 1,695,800 1,698,300 -2,500 -0.1% 1,698,400 1,695,000 1,691,200
go to Private Sector sector data table Private Sector 1,462,200 1,444,200 18,000 1.2% 1,462,200 1,465,100 -2,900 -0.2% 1,466,100 1,463,400 1,461,700
Graph Follow link below for more charts & data Goods Producing Industries
go to Construction sector data table Construction 60,000 60,400 -400 -0.7% 60,000 60,800 -800 -1.3% 61,400 60,600 61,600
go to Manufacturing sector data table Manufacturing 158,400 159,100 -700 -0.4% 158,400 158,400 0 0.0% 158,100 158,800 157,800
Graph Follow link below for more charts & data Service Providing Industries
go to Transportation and Public Utilities sector data table Trade, Transportation and Utilities 300,700 295,700 5,000 1.7% 300,700 301,300 -600 -0.2% 302,400 300,000 300,100
go to Information sector data table Information 31,300 31,100 200 0.6% 31,300 31,500 -200 -0.6% 31,900 31,700 31,600
go to Financial Activities sector data table Financial Activities 113,600 116,600 -3,000 -2.6% 113,600 113,900 -300 -0.3% 114,300 114,700 114,700
go to Professional and Business Services sector data table Professional and Business Services 220,600 218,600 2,000 0.9% 220,600 221,900 -1,300 -0.6% 223,100 223,600 223,800
go to Educational and Health Services sector data table Educational and Health Services 356,500 347,600 8,900 2.6% 356,500 358,500 -2,000 -0.6% 357,600 356,100 355,300
go to Leisure and Hospitality sector data table Leisure and Hospitality 156,500 153,000 3,500 2.3% 156,500 155,300 1,200 0.8% 154,000 155,100 155,500
go to Other Services sector data table Other Services 64,100 61,600 2,500 4.1% 64,100 63,000 1,100 1.7% 62,800 62,300 60,800
go to Government sector data table Government 233,600 228,900 4,700 2.1% 233,600 233,200 400 0.2% 232,300 231,600 229,600
Graph Follow link below for more charts & data United States Employment
go to United States nonfarm employment data table United States Nonfarm Employment 157,232,000 154,556,000 2,676,000 1.7% 157,232,000 157,016,000 216,000 0.1% 156,843,000 156,738,000 156,476,000
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Connecticut Labor Market Areas (LMAs): Just one of the six major Connecticut LMAs that are seasonally adjusted by the BLS posted a nonfarm employment increase in December 2023, while five put forth job declines. The Norwich-New London-Westerly LMA (0.1%, 127,500) was the only regional gainer last month with a small 100 job gain. The largest Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford LMA (-0.4%, 574,600) dropped 2,100 jobs. The New Haven LMA (-0.2%, 306,600) also lost 500 positions while the Waterbury LMA (-0.4%, 67,600) decreased 300 positions. The Danbury LMA (-0.3%, 76,500) was lower by 200 and the Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk LMA ( 0.02%, 406,400) decreased a small 100 jobs as well.

Labor Market Area employment estimates are made independently of Statewide estimates.
December November October September December Over Month Over Year
Seasonally Adjusted data   2023 P 2023 R 2023 2023 2022 Change Rate   Change Rate  
  Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk 406,400 406,500 406,300 406,500 401,100 -100 0.0% 5,300 1.3%
  Danbury  76,500 76,700 76,800 77,000 76,600 -200 -0.3% -100 -0.1%
  Hartford 574,600 576,700 578,600 577,500 573,700 -2,100 -0.4% 900 0.2%
  New Haven 306,600 307,100 306,500 306,200 299,900 -500 -0.2% 6,700 2.2%
  Norwich-New London-Westerly, RI  127,500 127,400 127,100 126,700 124,200 100 0.1% 3,300 2.7%
  Waterbury  67,600 67,900 68,200 68,000 66,700 -300 -0.4% 900 1.3%
Not Seasonally Adjusted data (Non-Classified Areas, State estimated - not BLS)
  Enfield 43,100 43,200 43,300 43,100 42,700 -100 -0.2% 400 0.9%
  Torrington-Northwest 33,100 33,200 33,200 33,200 32,900 -100 -0.3% 200 0.6%
  Danielson-Northeast 27,400 27,600 27,600 27,500 27,300 -200 -0.7% 100 0.4%
* Less than 0.05%       ** Includes Native American tribal government employment          P = Preliminary R = Revised

Note: Six major Connecticut LMAs are estimated independently from the statewide data by the BLS and cover more than 90% of the nonfarm employment in the state. Thus, estimates will not fully sum to the statewide total.

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Hours and Earnings: The December 2023 Private Sector workweek, not seasonally adjusted, averaged 33.5 hours. This is unchanged from the December 2022 average of 33.5 hours. Average hourly earnings at $36.88 in December 2023, not seasonally adjusted, were up by $1.56 (4.4%) from the December 2022 estimate of $35.32. The subsequent December 2023 Private Sector weekly wage averaged $1,235.48, higher by $52.26 (4.4%) from a year ago.

   AVG WEEKLY EARNINGS    AVG WEEKLY HOURS   AVG HOURLY EARNINGS
Dec CHG Nov Dec CHG Nov Dec CHG Nov
(Not seasonally adjusted) 2023 2022 Y/Y 2023 2023 2022 Y/Y 2023 2023 2022 Y/Y 2023
PRODUCTION WORKER                      
MANUFACTURING $1,184.36 $1,183.63 $0.74 $1,174.93 39.4 41.4 -2.0 39.6 $30.06 $28.59 $1.47 $29.67
 DURABLE GOODS 1,266.43 1,239.00 27.43 1,254.12 39.7 41.3 -1.6 39.7 31.90 30.00 1.90 31.59
 NON-DUR. GOODS 947.49 1,018.78 -71.30 956.34 38.5 41.6 -3.1 39.6 24.61 24.49 0.12 24.15
CONSTRUCTION 1,478.23 1,348.50 129.73 1,565.50 39.2 37.2 2.0 40.4 37.71 36.25 1.46 38.75
                   
ALL EMPLOYEES                        
STATEWIDE                  
TOTAL PRIVATE 1,235.48 1,183.22 52.26 1,226.10 33.5 33.5 0.0 33.5 36.88 35.32 1.56 36.60
GOODS PRODUCING 1,516.01 1,474.14 41.87 1,511.20 39.5 39.5 0.0 40.0 38.38 37.32 1.06 37.78
   Construction 1,567.24 1,482.00 85.24 1,570.04 38.3 38.0 0.3 39.3 40.92 39.00 1.92 39.95
   Manufacturing 1,460.82 1,417.61 43.21 1,472.77 38.8 39.4 -0.6 39.4 37.65 35.98 1.67 37.38
SERVICE PROVIDING 1,188.20 1,130.11 58.09 1,173.78 32.5 32.4 0.1 32.3 36.56 34.88 1.68 36.34
   Trade, Transp., Utilities 934.92 896.07 38.85 931.98 31.8 31.9 -0.1 31.7 29.40 28.09 1.31 29.40
   Financial Activities 2,241.50 1,997.16 244.34 2,177.18 38.6 37.4 1.2 38.5 58.07 53.40 4.67 56.55
   Prof. & Business Serv. 1,531.67 1,455.65 76.02 1,513.35 35.3 35.4 -0.1 35.4 43.39 41.12 2.27 42.75
   Education & Health Ser. 1,137.02 1,108.80 28.22 1,131.65 32.9 33.0 -0.1 32.5 34.56 33.60 0.96 34.82
   Leisure & Hospitality 603.18 546.51 56.67 590.78 25.7 24.3 1.4 25.9 23.47 22.49 0.98 22.81
   Other Services 871.68 926.59 -54.91 888.54 29.3 30.4 -1.1 29.5 29.75 30.48 -0.73 30.12
LABOR MARKET AREAS: TOTAL PRIVATE              
   Bridgeport-Stamford 1,290.63 1,279.86 10.77 1,283.14 32.6 33.2 -0.6 32.8 39.59 38.55 1.04 39.12
   Danbury 1,187.49 1,227.96 -40.47 1,200.06 35.3 36.0 -0.7 35.4 33.64 34.11 -0.47 33.90
   Hartford 1,280.94 1,237.01 43.93 1,285.49 33.7 33.9 -0.2 33.9 38.01 36.49 1.52 37.92
   New Haven 1,147.58 1,106.45 41.13 1,157.84 33.1 33.6 -0.5 33.3 34.67 32.93 1.74 34.77
   Norwich-New London 1,049.07 975.94 73.13 1,023.59 32.6 31.8 0.8 31.7 32.18 30.69 1.49 32.29
   Waterbury 955.60 947.65 7.95 920.81 33.1 32.7 0.4 32.4 28.87 28.98 -0.11 28.42

Information for the manufacturing production workweek and earnings can be found in the table section of this release under the "Hours and Earnings" data category. Current all-employee private sector hours and earnings estimates can be volatile due to fluctuating sample responses.

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The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.3 percent in December on a seasonally adjusted basis, after rising 0.1 percent in November, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months, the all items index increased 3.4 percent before seasonal adjustment.

The index for shelter continued to rise in December, contributing over half of the monthly all items increase. The energy index rose 0.4 percent over the month as increases in the electricity index and the gasoline index more than offset a decrease in the natural gas index. The food index increased 0.2 percent in December, as it did in November. The index for food at home increased 0.1 percent over the month and the index for food away from home rose 0.3 percent.

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.3 percent in December, the same monthly increase as in November. Indexes which increased in December include shelter, motor vehicle insurance, and medical care. The index for household furnishings and operations and the index for personal care were among those that decreased over the month.

The all items index rose 3.4 percent for the 12 months ending December, a larger increase than the 3.1-percent increase for the 12 months ending November. The all items less food and energy index rose 3.9 percent over the last 12 months, after rising 4.0 percent over the 12 months ending November. The energy index decreased 2.0 percent for the 12 months ending December, while the food index increased 2.7 percent over the last year.


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 State of Connecticut Unemployment Rate vs. United States Unemployment Rate
The preliminary December 2023 unemployment rate for Connecticut was calculated by the BLS Local Area Unemployment Statistics program (LAUS) to be 3.8% (seasonally adjusted). This is higher by two-tenths of a percentage point over-the-month but is down two-tenths of one percent compared to the December 2022 level of 4.0%. The U.S. unemployment rate for December 2023 was 3.7%, unmoved from the November 2023 rate of 3.7% but is higher over-the-year from the U.S. jobless rate of 3.5% in December 2022. Connecticut's unemployment rate averaged 3.7% for calendar year 2023 while the national average was 3.6%.
Month 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons CT U.S. Year-to-Year comparisons
Jan  4.9 4.7 -0.2 4.5 4.0 -0.5 3.7 4.0 0.3 3.8 3.5 -0.3 7.0 6.3 -0.7 4.8 4.0 -0.8 3.9 3.4 -0.5
Feb  4.9 4.6 -0.3 4.1 4.1 0.0 3.6 3.8 0.2 3.9 3.5 -0.4 6.9 6.2 -0.7 4.6 3.8 -0.8 4.0 3.6 -0.4
Mar  4.9 4.4 -0.5 4.1 4.0 -0.1 3.6 3.8 0.2 3.9 4.4 0.5 6.9 6.1 -0.8 4.3 3.6 -0.7 3.9 3.5 -0.4
Apr  4.8 4.4 -0.4 4.0 4.0 0.0 3.5 3.6 0.1 8.2 14.7 6.5 6.9 6.1 -0.8 4.2 3.6 -0.6 3.8 3.4 -0.4
May  4.7 4.4 -0.3 3.9 3.8 -0.1 3.5 3.7 0.2 11.7 13.2 1.5 6.7 5.8 -0.9 4.1 3.6 -0.5 3.7 3.7 0.0
Jun  4.7 4.3 -0.4 3.9 4.0 0.1 3.5 3.6 0.1 11.4 11.0 -0.4 6.7 5.9 -0.8 4.0 3.6 -0.4 3.7 3.6 -0.1
Jul  4.6 4.3 -0.3 3.8 3.8 0.0 3.5 3.7 0.2 11.6 10.2 -1.4 6.4 5.4 -1.0 4.0 3.5 -0.5 3.6 3.5 -0.1
Aug  4.5 4.4 -0.1 3.8 3.8 0.0 3.6 3.7 0.1 9.6 8.4 -1.2 6.2 5.2 -1.0 3.9 3.7 -0.2 3.5 3.8 0.3
Sep  4.5 4.3 -0.2 3.7 3.7 0.0 3.6 3.5 -0.1 8.8 7.9 -0.9 5.8 4.8 -1.0 4.0 3.5 -0.5 3.5 3.8 0.3
Oct  4.5 4.2 -0.3 3.7 3.8 0.1 3.7 3.6 -0.1 7.9 6.9 -1.0 5.6 4.5 -1.1 4.0 3.7 -0.3 3.5 3.9 0.4
Nov  4.5 4.2 -0.3 3.7 3.8 0.1 3.7 3.6 -0.1 7.5 6.7 -0.8 5.3 4.2 -1.1 4.0 3.6 -0.4 3.6 3.7 0.1
Dec  4.5 4.1 -0.4 3.7 3.9 0.2 3.8 3.6 -0.2 7.3 6.7 -0.6 5.1 3.9 -1.2 4.0 3.5 -0.5 3.8 3.7 -0.1

The nonfarm employment estimate, derived from a survey of businesses, is a measure of jobs in the state; the unemployment rate and labor force estimates are based on a household survey, and measure the work status of people who live in Connecticut. Overall, as the national and state economies recover, volatility in monthly numbers can be expected. Job and employment estimates are best understood in the context of their movement over several months rather than observed changes in a single month's value.

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 Labor Force / Residents Employed / Residents Unemployed
Average weekly initial unemployment claims for first-time filers (AWIC) in Connecticut in December 2023 were 5,214, not seasonally adjusted. The twelve-month moving average was 4,009 per week through December 2023, lower by 24 (-0.6%) from the twelve months ending November 2023 (4,033) but higher by 115 (3.0%) than the average weekly count of 3,894 for the twelve months ending in December 2022.
Month  2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Labor
Force
Resident
Emp.
Resident
Unemp.
Jan   1,924.2 1,836.3 87.9 1,908.3 1,828.3 80.0 1,933.7 1,862.8 70.8 1,943.5 1,869.4 74.1 1,816.7 1,688.9 127.8 1,956.7 1,862.0 94.6 1,912.9 1,837.5 75.4
Feb   1,927.4 1,840.1 87.3 1,910.7 1,831.8 78.9 1,933.3 1,863.5 69.8 1,937.9 1,863.2 74.8 1,813.9 1,688.0 125.9 1,953.7 1,864.5 89.2 1,910.8 1,835.0 75.7
Mar   1,929.7 1,842.9 86.8 1,914.5 1,836.7 77.7 1,932.8 1,864.1 68.7 1,931.6 1,856.4 75.2 1,813.0 1,688.7 124.4 1,950.4 1,866.0 84.5 1,905.6 1,830.4 75.3
Apr   1,930.6 1,844.3 86.2 1,918.6 1,842.2 76.5 1,932.9 1,865.1 67.7 1,837.4 1,686.7 150.7 1,814.5 1,689.9 124.6 1,947.7 1,865.8 81.9 1,901.4 1,828.8 72.6
May   1,930.1 1,844.5 85.6 1,922.2 1,846.9 75.3 1,933.9 1,866.6 67.3 1,911.2 1,687.1 224.1 1,812.9 1,691.5 121.4 1,943.4 1,863.6 79.8 1,897.6 1,826.5 71.1
Jun   1,928.2 1,843.2 85.0 1,924.9 1,850.7 74.2 1,936.0 1,868.5 67.5 1,904.3 1,686.3 218.0 1,835.1 1,713.0 122.1 1,937.0 1,859.1 78.0 1,897.3 1,827.1 70.1
Jul   1,925.5 1,840.9 84.6 1,926.8 1,853.6 73.2 1,938.6 1,870.2 68.4 1,912.5 1,690.4 222.2 1,851.1 1,732.9 118.2 1,928.7 1,852.5 76.2 1,896.8 1,827.9 68.9
Aug   1,922.2 1,838.0 84.2 1,928.5 1,856.0 72.5 1,941.3 1,871.6 69.7 1,871.2 1,692.4 178.8 1,868.1 1,753.2 115.0 1,919.9 1,845.6 74.2 1,896.5 1,829.2 67.3
Sep   1,918.8 1,835.0 83.7 1,930.0 1,857.9 72.1 1,943.9 1,873.2 70.7 1,859.3 1,695.7 163.7 1,883.3 1,773.1 110.2 1,916.1 1,840.2 75.9 1,897.8 1,832.3 65.5
Oct   1,915.9 1,832.7 83.1 1,931.4 1,859.4 72.0 1,946.1 1,874.6 71.6 1,839.3 1,694.8 144.6 1,901.3 1,794.6 106.8 1,913.8 1,837.0 76.8 1,899.0 1,833.3 65.7
Nov   1,913.9 1,831.4 82.5 1,932.6 1,860.8 71.9 1,947.5 1,875.0 72.5 1,830.2 1,693.2 137.0 1,918.3 1,816.5 101.9 1,913.7 1,837.1 76.6 1,900.1 1,832.2 67.8
Dec   1,913.2 1,831.6 81.6 1,933.4 1,861.9 71.5 1,946.8 1,873.5 73.3 1,824.4 1,690.9 133.5 1,937.4 1,839.1 98.3 1,914.3 1,838.1 76.2 1,900.0 1,828.0 72.0
The nonfarm employment estimate, derived from a survey of businesses, is a measure of jobs in the state; the unemployment rate and labor force estimates are based on a household survey, and measure the work status of people who live in Connecticut. Overall, as the national and state economies recover, volatility in monthly numbers can be expected. Job and employment estimates are best understood in the context of their movement over several months rather than observed changes in a single month's value.
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Next Connecticut Labor Situation release: Friday, March 8, 2024 (January 2024, preliminary data)
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