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Labor Market Information - Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
  Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) Last Updated: October 11, 2018
The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.1 percent in September on a seasonally adjusted basis after rising 0.2 percent in August, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the last 12 months, the all items index rose 2.3 percent before seasonal adjustment.

The shelter index continued to rise and accounted for over half of the seasonally adjusted monthly increase in the all items index. The energy index declined 0.5 percent in September after rising in August. The food index was unchanged in September, as an increase in the index for food away from home offset a decline in the food at home index.

The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.1 percent in September, the same increase as in August. The shelter index increased 0.2 percent, and the indexes for apparel, motor vehicle insurance, recreation, and airline fares also rose. The medical care index increased as well, though its components were mixed. The index for used cars and trucks, which fell sharply, and the new vehicles index were among the indexes that declined in September.

The all items index rose 2.3 percent for the 12 months ending September, a smaller increase than the 2.7-percent increase for the 12 months ending August. The energy index rose 4.8 percent over the last year, a notably smaller increase than the 10.2-percent increase for the 12 month period ending August. The index for all items less food and energy rose 2.2 percent for the 12 months ending September and the food index increased 1.4 percent; these were both the same rate of increase as for the 12 months ending August.

Download U.S. Consumer Price Index (1970 - Current).xlsx

Download U.S. Consumer Price Index (1950-Current) pdf

The Consumer Price Index (CPI), computed and published by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. It is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs and other goods and services that people buy for their day-to-day living.

A measure of the average change in prices over time for a set group of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups:

  • (1) for all urban consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 80 percent of the total population
  • (2) for all urban wage earners and clerical workers (CPI-W) which covers 32 percent of the total population.

Among the CPI components are the costs of housing, food, transportation, and energy. While the CPI is not technically a cost of living index, it is often used to indicate changes in the cost-of-living.

A recorded message providing the latest CPI data is available at 617-565-2325. For more assistance, call the Boston office of the Bureau of Labor Statistics at 617-565-2327.

1915 - 2018 Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
Month 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Jan 2.6 3.3 2.5 2.8 2.7 3.0 1.6 1.7 2.7 3.7 1.1 2.6 1.9 3.0 4.0 2.1 4.3 0.0 2.7 1.6 2.9 1.6 1.6 -0.1 1.4 2.5 2.1
Feb 2.8 3.2 2.5 2.9 2.7 3.0 1.4 1.6 3.2 3.5 1.1 3.0 1.7 3.0 3.6 2.4 4.0 0.2 2.1 2.1 2.9 2.0 1.1 0.0 1.0 2.7 2.2
Mar 3.2 3.1 2.5 2.9 2.8 2.8 1.4 1.7 3.8 2.9 1.5 3.0 1.7 3.1 3.4 2.8 3.9 -0.4 2.3 2.7 2.7 1.5 1.5 -0.1 0.9 2.4 2.4
Apr 3.2 3.2 2.4 3.1 2.9 2.5 1.4 2.3 3.1 3.3 1.6 2.2 2.3 3.5 3.5 2.6 3.9 -0.7 2.3 3.2 2.3 1.1 2.0 -0.2 1.1 2.2 2.5
May 3.0 3.2 2.3 3.2 2.9 2.2 1.7 2.1 3.2 3.6 1.2 2.1 3.1 2.8 4.2 2.7 4.2 -1.2 2.0 3.6 1.7 1.4 2.1 0.0 1.0 1.9 2.8
Jun 3.1 3.0 2.5 3.0 2.8 2.3 1.7 2.0 3.7 3.2 1.1 2.1 3.3 2.5 4.3 2.7 5.0 -1.4 1.1 3.6 1.7 1.8 2.1 0.1 1.0 1.6 2.9
Jul 3.2 2.8 2.8 2.8 3.0 2.2 1.7 2.1 3.7 2.7 1.5 2.1 3.0 3.2 4.1 2.4 5.6 -2.1 1.2 3.6 1.4 2.0 2.0 0.2 0.8 1.7 2.9
Aug 3.1 2.8 2.9 2.6 2.9 2.2 1.6 2.3 3.4 2.7 1.8 2.2 2.7 3.6 3.8 2.0 5.4 -1.5 1.2 3.8 1.7 1.5 1.7 0.2 1.1 1.9 2.7
Sep 3.0 2.7 3.0 2.5 3.0 2.2 1.5 2.6 3.5 2.6 1.5 2.3 2.5 4.7 2.1 2.8 4.9 -1.3 1.1 3.9 2.0 1.2 1.7 0.0 1.5 2.2 2.3
Oct 3.2 2.8 2.6 2.8 3.0 2.1 1.5 2.6 3.4 2.1 2.0 2.0 3.2 4.3 1.3 3.5 3.7 -0.2 1.2 3.5 2.2 1.0 1.7 0.2 1.6 2.0
Nov 3.0 2.7 2.7 2.6 3.3 1.8 1.5 2.6 3.4 1.9 2.2 1.8 3.5 3.5 2.0 4.3 1.0 1.8 1.2 3.4 1.8 1.2 1.3 0.5 1.7 2.2
Dec 2.9 2.7 2.7 2.5 3.3 1.7 1.6 2.7 3.4 1.6 2.4 1.9 3.3 3.4 2.5 4.1 0.1 2.7 1.5 3.0 1.7 1.5 0.8 0.7 2.1 2.1
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1915 - 2018 Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
1990 - 2018 Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U)
Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
Average
Annual
Change
2018 247.867 248.991 249.554 250.546 251.588 251.989 252.006 252.146 252.439       250.792 +2.3%
%Change +2.1% +2.2% +2.4% +2.5% +2.8% +2.9% +2.9% +2.7% +2.3%          
2017 242.839 242.603 243.801 244.524 244.733 244.955 244.786 245.519 246.819 246.663 246.669 246.524 245.120 +2.1%
2016 236.92 237.11 238.132 239.261 240.229 241.018 240.628 240.849 241.428 241.729 241.353 241.432 240.007 +1.3%
2015 233.70 234.72 236.12 236.59 237.81 238.64 238.65 238.32 237.95 237.84 237.34 236.53 237.017 +0.1%
2014 233.9 234.8 236.3 237.1 237.9 238.3 238.25 237.85 238.03 237.43 236.15 234.81 236.74 +1.6%
2013 230.3 232.2 232.8 232.5 232.9 233.5 233.6 233.9 234.1 233.5 233.1 233.0 232.9 +1.5%
2012 226.7 227.7 229.4 230.1 229.8 229.5 229.1 230.4 231.4 231.3 230.2 229.6 229.6 +2.1%
2011 220.2 221.3 223.5 224.9 226.0 225.7 225.9 226.5 226.9 226.4 226.2 225.7 224.9 +3.2%
2010 216.7 216.7 217.6 218.0 218.2 218.0 218.0 218.3 218.4 218.7 218.8 219.2 218.0 +1.6%
Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
Average
Annual
Change
2009 211.1 212.2 212.7 213.2 213.9 215.7 215.4 215.8 216.0 216.2 216.3 215.9 214.5 -0.4%
2008 211.1 211.7 213.5 214.8 216.6 218.8 220.0 219.1 218.8 216.6 212.4 210.2 215.3 +3.9%
2007 202.4 203.5 205.4 206.7 207.9 208.4 208.3 207.9 208.5 208.9 210.2 210.0 207.3 +2.8%
2006 198.3 198.7 199.8 201.5 202.5 202.9 203.5 203.9 202.9 201.8 201.5 201.8 201.6 +3.2%
2005 190.7 191.8 193.3 194.6 194.4 194.5 195.4 196.4 198.8 199.2 197.6 196.8 195.3 +3.4%
2004 185.2 186.2 187.4 188.0 189.1 189.7 189.4 189.5 189.9 190.9 191.0 190.3 188.9 +2.7%
2003 181.7 183.1 184.2 183.8 183.5 183.7 183.9 184.6 185.2 185.0 184.5 184.3 184.0 +2.3%
2002 177.1 177.8 178.8 179.8 179.8 179.9 180.1 180.7 181.0 181.3 181.3 180.9 179.9 +1.6%
2001 175.1 175.8 176.2 176.9 177.7 178.0 177.5 177.5 178.3 177.7 177.4 176.7 177.1 +2.8%
2000 168.8 169.8 171.2 171.3 171.5 172.4 172.8 172.8 173.7 174.0 174.1 174.0 172.2 +3.4%
Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
Average
Annual
Change
1999 164.3 164.5 165.0 166.2 166.2 166.2 166.7 167.1 167.9 168.2 168.3 168.3 166.6 +2.2%
1998 161.6 161.9 162.2 162.5 162.8 163.0 163.2 163.4 163.6 164.0 164.0 163.9 163.0 +1.6%
1997 159.1 159.6 160.0 160.2 160.1 160.3 160.5 160.8 161.2 161.6 161.5 161.3 160.5 +2.3%
1996 154.4 154.9 155.7 156.3 156.6 156.7 157.0 157.3 157.8 158.3 158.6 158.6 156.9 +3.0%
1995 150.3 150.9 151.4 151.9 152.2 152.5 152.5 152.9 153.2 153.7 153.6 153.5 152.4 +2.8%
1994 146.2 146.7 147.2 147.4 147.5 148.0 148.4 149.0 149.4 149.5 149.7 149.7 148.2 +2.6%
1993 142.6 143.1 143.6 144.0 144.2 144.4 144.4 144.8 145.1 145.7 145.8 145.8 144.5 +3.0%
1992 138.1 138.6 139.3 139.5 139.7 140.2 140.5 140.9 141.3 141.8 142.0 141.9 140.3 +3.0%
1991 134.6 134.8 135.0 135.2 135.6 136.0 136.2 136.6 137.2 137.4 137.8 137.9 136.2 +4.2%
1990 127.4 128.0 128.7 128.9 129.2 129.9 130.4 131.6 132.7 133.5 133.8 133.8 130.7 +5.4%
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