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Sociologists Go Back to List
Study human society and social behavior by examining the groups and social institutions that people form, as well as various social, religious, political, and business organizations. May study the behavior and interaction of groups, trace their origin and growth, and analyze the influence of group activities on individual members.
 Tools & Technology
 Tools used in this occupation:
 
  • Desktop computers
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  • Personal computers
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  • Tablet computers
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  • Scanners
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  • Laser printers
  •  Technology used in this occupation:
     
  • Analytical or scientific software
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  • Data base user interface and query software
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  • Graphics or photo imaging software
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  • Web page creation and editing software
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  • Word processing software
  •  Tasks
     
  • Prepare publications and reports containing research findings.
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  • Analyze and interpret data to increase the understanding of human social behavior.
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  • Plan and conduct research to develop and test theories about societal issues such as crime, group relations, poverty, and aging.
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  • Collect data about the attitudes, values, and behaviors of people in groups, using observation, interviews, and review of documents.
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  • Develop, implement, and evaluate methods of data collection, such as questionnaires or interviews.
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  • Teach sociology.
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  • Direct work of statistical clerks, statisticians, and others who compile and evaluate research data.
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  • Consult with and advise individuals such as administrators, social workers, and legislators regarding social issues and policies, as well as the implications of research findings.
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  • Collaborate with research workers in other disciplines.
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  • Develop approaches to the solution of groups' problems, based on research findings in sociology and related disciplines.
  •  Skills
     
  • Reading Comprehension - Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.
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  • Active Listening - Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
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  • Writing - Communicating effectively in writing as appropriate for the needs of the audience.
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  • Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of others' reactions and understanding why they react as they do.
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  • Speaking - Talking to others to convey information effectively.
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  • Critical Thinking - Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.
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  • Active Learning - Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.
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  • Learning Strategies - Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
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  • Judgment and Decision Making - Considering the relative costs and benefits of potential actions to choose the most appropriate one.
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  • Instructing - Teaching others how to do something.
  •  Knowledge
     
  • Sociology and Anthropology - Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures and their history and origins.
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  • English Language - Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.
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  • Education and Training - Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
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  • Mathematics - Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
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  • Computers and Electronics - Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
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  • History and Archeology - Knowledge of historical events and their causes, indicators, and effects on civilizations and cultures.
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  • Law and Government - Knowledge of laws, legal codes, court procedures, precedents, government regulations, executive orders, agency rules, and the democratic political process.
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  • Communications and Media - Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.
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  • Psychology - Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
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  • Administration and Management - Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
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     Education & Training
      Education:   Most of these occupations require graduate school. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D. (law degree).
      Related Experience:   Extensive skill, knowledge, and experience are needed for these occupations. Many require more than five years of experience. For example, surgeons must complete four years of college and an additional five to seven years of specialized medical training to be able to do their job.
      View Related Programs on Connecticut's Education & Training ConneCTion site.
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    ONET Resource Center Some of the occupational information on this page is formulated from O*NETTM v17.0 data. O*NETTM is a trademark of the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration.
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